Thomas GEE of Lydgate – 20 July 1607

This is the indenture whereby Thomas GEE had paid his debt to Thomas Bagshaw.

INDENTURE Thomas GEE – 20 July 1607

File Number D3470-9-3

 Be it known to all men by these present that whereas I Thomas BAGSHAWE of the Ridge in the County of Derby; gentleman; by Indenture of Bargain and Sell or Deed Indented under my hand and Seal Bearing  date in or about the Twenty day of July in the fortieth year of the King Majesties Reign of England, France and Ireland and in the nine and Thirtieth year of His Highness Reign of Scotland did Bargain and sell unto Thomas GEE of LYDGATE in the said County of Derby; yeoman; and his heirs several [capital] messuage farmes (?) or tenements and dyvers lands and hereditaments situate lying and being in the said parishes of Chapel-en-le-Frith and Glossop in the said County of Derby And whereas there is a condition or provision contained or mentioned in the said Indenture or deed Indented to this or the like offerte (?):  that  is to Witt:  that if the said Thomas GEE his heirs Executors or administrators do not well and truly pay or satisfy  unto me my executors administrators or assigns at or upon the twentieth day of August which shall be in the year of our Lord God One Thousand Six Hundred and Seven  the sum of forty and four pounds of lawful money of England at or in my now dwelling house commonly called the Ridge Hall between the hours of Nine of the Clock in the fore noon and three of the clock in the afternoon of the said day and [year? This word is smudged) that then it should be lawful to and for me the said Thomas BAGSHAWE and my heirs into the said [capital] messuage and  lands to reenter and the same to have again as in or by the said Indenture or deed Indented (reason (?) there unto being had) among the diverse other matters and things therein contained more at Sarye (?) doth and may expire NOWE KNOWE it that I the said Thomas BAGSHAWE have received and had of and from the said Thomas GEE in and upon the said thirteenth day of August before mentioned being the thirtieth day of August in the year of our Lord God One Thousand Six Hundred and Seven in my said now dwelling house Commonly called the Ridge Hall and between the said hours of Nine of the clock in the forenoon and three in the afternoon of the same day the said sum of forty four pounds of good and lawful money of England according to the terms and true meaning of the said condition or provision and in such manner and form as is mentioned in the same Condition or provision of which said sum of forty four pounds I the said Thomas BAGSHAWE do confess myself well and truly to be paid and satisfied and whereas do exonerate and argnith (?) the said Thomas GEE his heirs executors and administrators and every of them by these present IN WITNESS whereof the said Thomas BAGHSAWE have hereunto put my hand and seal the thirtieth day of August in the year Of the Reign of his Majesty Lord JAMES By the grace of God of England, France, Ireland King and defender Of the faith and of the fiftieth of Scotland the one —- fortieth

signed              THOMAS BAGSHAWE

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THOMAS GEE OF LYDGATE – 1604

This is the original indenture made between Thomas Bagshaw of the Ridge and Thomas Gee of Lydgate for the purpose of Lydgate Farm.

INDENTURE THOMAS GEE OF LYDGATE – 1604:

 File Number D3470-9-1

THIS INDENTURE MADE the twentieth day of July xxxxxxx in the year of the reign of our sovereign Lord JAMES by the grace of God of England France and Ireland King Defender of the faith Etc: The fourth and of Scotland the nine and fiftieth. Between Thomas BAGSHAWE of the Ridge in the County of Derby; gentleman; of the one party; and Thomas GEE of LYDGATE in the same County of Derby; yeoman; of the other party; WITTNESSETH that the said Thomas BAGSHAWE for Diverse good and valuable causes and considerations him thereunto moninge [to cause sorrow or lament]  and especially for and in considerations of the sum of fourscore1 pounds   x//x//x//x//x//x//x//x//x//x//x//x//x//x//x//x//x//x//x of good and lawful money of England to him in land paid by the said Thomas GEE before the sealing and delivery of these presents whereof he acknowledged himself to be fully satisfied and thereof and of every part thereof doth clearly acquit exonerate and discharge the said Thomas GEE his heirs executors and administrators and every of them forever by these present and for and in consideration of the sum Two hundred Thirty Seven Pounds Fifteen Shillings Ten Pence ob ~ of good and lawful money of England hereafter to be paid by the said Thomas GEE unto the said Thomas BAGSHAWE his executors administrators and assigns or to some of them in such manner and form as hereafter in these present is expressed: HATH Granted Bargained Aligned and Sold and by these present for him and his heirs doth fully clearly and absolutely Grant Align Bargain and Sell unto the said Thomas GEE his heirs and assigns forever All that Messuage Tenement called or known by the name of LYDGATE with the Appurtenance now or late in the tenure or occupation of the said Thomas GEE or of his assigns: And all Closses2 Meadows Leassomes3 Pastures Soddings4 Lands Tenements Commons and Hereditaments whatsoever with these and every of their appurtenances to the  said Messuage or Tenement belonging or in any way appertaining or therewith now or at any time heretofore possessed occupied or made as thereunto appertaining or belonging now or later in the tenure or occupation of the said Thomas GEE his assigns or assigns and lying and being in the Parishes of  Chapel-en-le-Frith and Glossop or in Either of them in the said County of Derby: And also all that messuage or tenement with appurtenances commonly called or known by the name of the Silkhill [Farm] now or late in the tenure or occupation of John BENNETT the younger or of his assigns and all  closses2 meadows Leassomes3 pastures soddings4 lands tenements commons and hereditaments whatsoever with them and every all their appurtenances to the said Messuage or Tenement belonging or in any way appertaining or therewith all now or at any time heretofore  possessed  occupied or mioyed [moiety?]5 as thereunto appertaining or belonging now or Late in the tenure or occupation of the said John BENNETT the younger his assigns or assignees and lying and being in the parishes of Chapel-en-le-Frith and Glossop or in either of the said County of Derby And the Revercion6 and revercions6 remainder and remaining of all and Singular the said hereditaments and  premises and of every part thereof with the appurtenances with all and every the yearly rent and service reserved payable to Henry LEIGHE; Esquire; (whose in heritance the premises late went) upon all and every demesne7 or 7, Lease or Leases of the premises or of any part or parcel thereof made or which are payable or of which ought to be payable to the said Thomas BAGSHAWE PartyTo these present and also all and singular deeds or indented [fee simple?] [under my hand and seal bearing date]  and concerning only the said Messuage Lands Tenements and Hereditaments or any part and parcels thereof with the said Thomas BAGSHAWE now latter or made Lawfully come by within  part in Law or expense of money All and every with said goods evidence of receipt minutes and writing afore specified concerning only the premises or only any part or parcels thereof or such and so many of them as he the said Thomas BAGSHAWE now hath or with any other person or persons by his delivery or means or to his use late or have and which he may lawfully come by or get without suite In Law or expense of money, together also with true prepayment of all such other goods evidence receipt minutes  and writing whatsoever which do for-wiih or concern the said hereditament and premises or any part thereof jointly or together with any other Lands and Hereditaments and which he the said Thomas BAGSHAWE now hath or any other person or persons by his delivery or means or to his use hath or have and which he may Lawfully obtain come by or get without into in Law as aforesaid, the same copies to be had and made at the charge of the said Thomas GEE his heirs or assigns, he the said Thomas BAGSHAWE for himself his heirs executors and administrators and every of them doth covenant promise and grant to and with the said Thomas GEE his heirs and assigns and every of them to deliver or cause to be delivered unto the said Thomas GEE his heirs or assigns on his side and before the feast day of St James the appurtenance which shall be in the year of our Lord One Thousand Six Hundred Eight [1608] at or upon his or their or any of their Request or Request thereof whole safe uncancelled and not defaced or in as good sort and plight as they shall be wherein they shall be delivered unto him the said Thomas BAGSHAWE by the said Henry LEIGHE: TO HAVE and to hold the said Messuage Lands Tenements and Hereditaments and all other the said premises and every part thereof with the appurtenances to the Said Thomas GEE his heirs and assigns forever to and for the only sole and proper use and belong all the said Thomas GEE his heirs and assigns forever: under and upon nevertheless the provision or condition hereafter in that  behalf herein ensuing that is to Witt: PROVIDED always and upon condition that if the said Thomas GEE his heirs executors administrators or assigns or some of them shall not or do not well and truly satisfy and  paid or cause to be satisfied or paid unto the said Thomas BAGSHAWE his executors administrators or assigns or to some or one of them the full some of 2000 Hundred Thirty Seven Pounds Fifteen Shillings Ten Pence Half Pence of good and lawful money of England in manner and form following:  That is to Witt: The sum of fourscore1 and eighty pounds xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxof lawful money of England at or upon The thirtieth day of August next on being after the date of these present:  the sum of Fifty Two Pounds Seventeen Shillings Eleven Pence Farthing:  of Like Lawful money of England At or upon the two and twentieth day of February now next ensuing after the date of these present: The sum of Forty Four Pounds  xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx of like lawful money of England at or upon the thirtieth day of August which shall be in the year of our Lord God One Thousand Six Hundred and Seven [1607]: And the sum of Fifty Two Pounds Seventeen Shillings Seven Pence Farthing of like lawful money of any kind at or upon the two and twentieth day of February which shall be in the year of Lord God One Thousand Six Hundred and Seven [1607].  All and every the said several payments to be had and made in manner and form aforesaid at or in the home mansion or now dwelling  lane of the said Thomas BAGSHAWE [there are 5 or 6 words here that are smudged and cannot be deciphered] by the name of the Ridge before the hour of nine of the clock in the forenoon and three of the clock in the afternoon of the said several days of Payment: That then and from thenceforth from and after any such default of Payment of the said several sums of money or of any of them or of any part and parcel of them or any of them had or made at any of the days or times in that behalf before mentioned it shall and may be Lawful to and for the said Thomas BAGSHAWE and his heirs and to and for every of them unto the said Messuage Tenements and all and singular the premises and in to every or any parts or parcels thereof with the appurtenances to reenter  and the same and every part thereof to have again Retained and kept as in his or their former estate anything in these presents contained or otherwise to the contrary in anyway Notwithstanding; AND the Said Thomas BAGSHAWE for himself his heir’s executors and administrators and every of them doth covenant and grant to and with the said Thomas GEE his heirs and assigns and to and with every of them by these present: That the said Thomas GEE his heirs and assigns and every of them so that there be no default of payment hereafter had or made of the said sum of Two Hundred Thirty Seven Pounds Fifteen Shillings and ob ~ or of any part thereof at any of the days or times for the Payment thereof herein before mentioned shall and may from time to time and at all times forever hereafter peaceably and any of his have should occupy and enjoy all and every the said Messuage Lands Tenements and Premises and every part thereof which the appurtenances [one word is on the fold] Any lott sute trouble molestation interruption disturbance or eviction of the said Thomas BAGSHAWE his heirs or assigns or any of them or any other person or persons whatsoever fully having or claiming to have any estate title interest claim or demand whatsoever of out of in or to the same or of and of in or to any part thereof by from or under him or them or any of them or have fully having or hereafter claiming to have any estate claim Interest claim or demand whatsoever of out of in or unto all and every other any the said Messuage Land Tenements Hereditaments and Premises by or under any lease. Heretofore made by Henry LEIGHE of Egginton in the County of Derby; Esquire; of any or rents unto Matthew SMALE of Paddington in the County of  Middlesex; esquire; of any or and Roberte  HOPE of Burn Aston in the County of Derby; Gentleman; in or by one indenture ——– bearing the Nineteenth day of November Last past before the date of these present: And made Between the said Henry LEIGHE of the First Part: the said Matthew SMALE Robert HOPE of the Second Part: and the said Thomas BAGSHAWE of the Third Part: AND further also that the said Messuage Lands Tenements and Hereditaments before mentioned every part thereof with the appurtenances now Are and by so at all times after even hereafter Shall and may continue remain and be unto the said Thomas GEE his heirs and assigns forever even free clear and clearly acquitted exonerated and discharged or after wise Upon reasonable request well and sufficiently saved and kept harmless by the said Thomas BAGSHAWE his heirs executors or administrators or some or one of them if not Default of payment be hereafter had or made of the said some of Two Hundred Thirty Seven Pounds or of any part thereof of for from and concerning as well the said rent or mentioned lease heretofore made to the said Matthew SMALE and Roberte HOPE be by the said Henry LEIGHE and the interest thereby or by or under the same in any wise varied devised had or made as also all and every form in and other Bargains —ts Grants Leases Estates Joyntures toward by this of toward [there is a fold in the paper and several words are undecipherable] Indemnity execution [there is a fold in the paper and several words are undecipherable] Hereafter to be committed had made done acknowledged levied suffered or exempted by the   [there is a fold in the paper and several words are undecipherable] Whatsoever having or have lawfully claiming to have any Estate Right Title ——– Claim or Demand whatsoever of in out of or for the said Hereditaments or Premises or of  in out of Or to any Part or Parcel to thereof or from or under them or any of them the rent –ith and —To be from here forth due or payable for the premises or for any part thereof unto the [wife?] Lord or Lords of the fee or fees thereof if any such there be only and ever excepted p-y-ed AND further also that he the said Thomas BAGSHAWE and Elizabeth his wife And the survivor of them and such the heirs of the said Thomas BAGSHAWE as shall happen to be so of full age from time to time and of all times during and within the space of Seven years next ensuing after the date of these present: And in case of the Said Thomas BAGSHAWE his heir or heirs being under age then Such Heir or heirs within the space of three years next after his or their full age and twenty years accomplished respectively shall and will at and upon the Reasonable request or requests —tes And charges of the said Thomas GEE his heirs executor or assigns or any of them do make Knowledge levy suffer and execute and cause To be done made acknowledged levied suffered and executed all and every such —-thered other act and acts thing and things devises conveyance and assurance in the Law Whatsoever for the further better and more assured surety sure-making conveying and assuring of all and every the said Messuage Land and Premises and of every Part thereof with the appurtenance unto or for the sole and proper use and belong of said Thomas GEE his heirs and assigns in  manner and form as aforesaid as by or on the Behalf of the said Thomas GEE his heirs or assigns or any of them or by their counsel in that behalf shall be reasonable devised or advised, be if or they by Fine or fines whereupon proclamations shall or may in due form of same belayed ffeossam8 or ffeossams8 recovery or recoveries with voucher or vouchers over deed or deeds enrolled or not enrolled enrollment of these present release or ———- [without?] warranty or with warranty only against the said Thomas BAGSHAWE his heirs or Assigns and assigns the said Matthew SMALE and Robert HOPE their and of their heirs assign and assigns or by all or any of the said ways or means or by any lawful Way or means whatsoever —- such warranty or otherwise without warranty as is aforesaid all the election or choice of the said Thomas GEE his heirs or assigns for The doing making knowledge or executing whereof —— —– the said Thomas BAGSHAWE Elizabeth his wife and heirs of the said Thomas BAGSHAWE or…………….

NOTES:

  1.  Fourscore – archaic Eighty (80); the cardinal number that is the product of Ten and Eight.
  2. Closse (Close) of land is an old English term for an estate.
  3. Leassomes – lea or leas middle English for an open field or meadow; legh, lege, lei clearing, open ground from old English “Léah” clearing in a forest from Proto-Germanic “Lauhó (meadow). (Etymology).
  4. Soddings – an area of soil covered by turf or roots or held together by roots.
  5. Moiety – legal term to describe a portion other than a whole of ownership of property. In middle English the word describes one of two equal parts.
  6. Revercion – Law – the return of an estate to the donor or grantor after expiry of the grant. Law – the right of succeeding to an estate. Law – a sum payable on a person’s death.
  7. Demesne – in the old feudal system was all the land, not necessarily all contiguous to the manor house.

Ffeoffment – in English law was a transfer of land or property that gave the new holder the right to sell it as well as the right to pass it on to his heirs as an inheritance. It was total relinquishment and transfer of all rights of ownership of an estate in land from one individual to another. In feudal England a feoffment could only be made of a fee (or “fief”), which is an estate in land, that is to say an ownership of rights over land, rather than ownership of the land itself, the only true owner of which was the monarch under his allodial title. Enfeoffment could be made of fees of various feudal tenures, such as fee-tail or fee-simple. Ffeossam may be a misspelling or a derivative of this word.


Ralph Gee of Lydgate – Indenture 27 September 1630

Ralph Gee of Lydgate – Indenture 27 September 1630

No (6)

a counter part of a deed between Raphe GEE and

Thomas COTTRELL dated September 10th 1630 for an Eightscore2 part of one Neighbor-ship1, consideration money 40 pence made at three different payments.

This Indenture made the seven and twentieth day of September in the sixth year of the reign of our sovereign Lord Charles by the grace of God of England Scotland France and Ireland King Defender of the Faith BETWEEN Raphe GEE of Lydgate in the County of Derby; yeoman; of the one part And Thomas COTTRELL of Kinder in the same County of Derby; yeoman; of the other part WITTNESSETH that the said Raphe GEE for and in consideration of the sum of Ten pounds of lawful English money to the said Raphe GEE by the said Thomas COTTRELL already paid and satisfied and of the sum of twenty pounds more of like lawful money to be to the said Raphe GEE by the said Thomas COTTRELL well and truly paid and satisfied in manner and form and at the days and times hereafter in or by these present mentioned or specified that is to Witt the sum of Ten Pounds of lawful English money in and upon the feast day of St Michael the Archangel which shall be in the year of our Lord God one Thousand six hundred and thirty And the like sum of Ten pounds And both the said payments to be paid at or in the now dwelling house of the said Raphe GEE commonly called the Lydgate in the Parish of Chapel-en-le-Frith in the said County of Derby HATH GRANTED aliened bargained and sold And by these present doth grant align bargain and sell unto the said Thomas COTTRELL his heirs and assigns forever The Eightscore2 the part of all that herbage and of all these lands called Maystonefield3 alias Chynileys alias Chynleys in the High Peak in the said County of Derby And the Eightscore2 the part of all that Soil and ground called Maystonefield3 alias Chynileys alias Chinleys And the Eightscore2 part of all and singular cottages thereupon built with all and singular their and every of their appurtenances And the Eightscore2 part of all and singular, messuage, houses, edifice, buildings, barns, stables, dove-houses, orchards, gardens, Lands, Tenements, meadows, leases, pastures, commons, demesne lands, fures [bogs], heaths (a tract of wasteland), moors, marshes, mosses, ways, waters, fishing’s, woods. Under-woods and trees And the Eightscore2 part of all the land, ground and soil of the same woods, under-woods, and trees, mines, quarries, rents, revercions4, service and hereditaments whatsoever to the premises aforesaid above expressed and specified or to any part or parcel thereof by any means belonging, appertaining,  appending or as member part or parcel of the same premises now or at any time heretofore known had accepted occupied used or being One Water-corn Mill called Maystonefield Mill3 in the County of Derby aforesaid being excepted and altogether reserved And the Revercion4 and Revercions4 whatsoever of all and singular the premises formerly herein or hereby bargained and sold or meant mentioned or agreed to be bargained or sold in or by these presents and of every part and parcel thereof depending or expectant of in or upon any demesne5 or grant demesnes5 or grants for term of terms of life lives or years or otherwise of the premises heretofore made of record or not of Record And also the Eightscore2 part of all and singular rents or yearly profits whatsoever reserved upon whatsoever demesnes5 or grants of in or upon the premises or any parte thereof made of Record or not of record And the Eightscore2 part of all the Rents and yearly profits issuing coming or going of in or out of all and every the premises as fully freely and wholly and in as large and ample manner and form as the late King of England of pious memory King James by his Tres (letters) patent As well under the Great Seal of England as under the Seal of the County Palatine of Lancaster and Seal of the Duchy of Lancaster bearing date at Westminster the Ninth day of January in the one and Twentieth year of the Reign of the said late King of England of famous memory King James did give grant bargain and sell all and singular the premises amongst other things unto Edward BADBYE and William WELDTEN their heirs and assigns in fee-farm forever as by the same Tres (letters) Patent more fully may appear and in as large and ample manner or form as the said Edward BADBYE and William WELDTEN by their Indenture or deed indented bearing date the three and twentieth day of February in the said one and twentieth yeare of the Reign of the said late King of England of pious memory King James did bargain and sell give grant convey and assure the premises or any part thereof unto Peter BRADSHAW and Francis BRADSHAW and to the heirs and assigns of the said Peter BRADSHAW or any of them All with said Eightscore2 part of all and singular the before mentioned premises formerly in or by these present by the said Raphe GEE bargained and sold or meant or agreed to be granted or assured to the said Thomas COTTRELL and his heirs as aforesaid is or heretofore hath been called or known by the name of a Quarter of a Neighbor-ship1 TO HAVE hold and enjoy the said Eightscore2 part of the said herbage and lands called Maystonefield3 alias Chyinleys alias Chinleys and the said Eightscore2  part of  all and every other the premises excepted before excepted and all and every other the premises formerly in or by these presents granted bargained or sold and meant mentioned or agreed to be herein or hereby granted bargained or sold unto the said Thomas COTTRELL and his heirs as aforesaid unto the same Thomas COTTRELL his heirs and assigns forever To the only sole and proper use and behouf6 of the same Thomas COTTRELL his heirs and assigns in fee-farm forever UNDER and upon nevertheless the condition’s revisions and agreements hereafter in these present mentioned or expressed TO BE Holden of our Sovereign Lord the King Majesty His Highness heirs and successors as of his honor of Lancaster in the County of Lancaster by fealty only in free and common socage7 and not in capite8 nor by Knighted Service YIELDING therefore yearly to our said sovereign Lord the King his heirs and successors Eighteen pence of lawful English money to the hands of the General Receiver of our said Sovereign Lord the King His Highness heirs or successors of his Duchy of Lancaster11 or his deputy for the time being or to the hands of the particular Receiver of the same premises or to his deputy for the time being at the feast of the Annunciation of Blessed Mary the Virgin and St Michael the Archangel by equal portions yearly to be paid for all other Rents, Services and demands whatsoever for the same to our said Sovereign Lord the King his heirs or successors for the premises granted by these present by any means to be yielded paid or done AND THE SAID Raphe GEE and his heirs the said Eightscore2 part of the said herbage and lands called Maystonefield3 alias Chynileys alias Chinleys except before excepted and all and every other the premises formerly in or by these present granted bargained and soul and meant mentioned and agreed to be herein or hereby granted bargained or sold unto the said Thomas COTTRELL and his heirs as aforesaid shall and will warrant and uphold to the same Thomas COTTRELL and his heirs against him the said Raphe GEE and his heirs forever AND FURTHER also that he the said Raphe GEE and Grace his wife and the heirs of the said Raphe GEE and every of them shall and will from time to time and at all times during and within the space of five years next ensuing after date of these present at and upon the reasonable request or requests costs and charges of the said Thomas COTTRELL his heirs or assigns or any of them do make knowledge levy suffer and execute or cause assent and agree to be done made acknowledged levied suffered and executed all and every such further and other act and acts thing and things devises conveyance and assurance in the Law whatsoever for the further better and more assured surety survey making conveying and assuring of all and every the said premises formerly in or by these present granted bargained and sold and meant mentioned and agreed to be herein or hereby granted bargained or sold and of every part thereof with the appurtenance in manner and form aforesaid and under and upon the provision or condition aforesaid as by the said Thomas COTTRELL his heirs or assigns or any of them or by their or any of their Counsel learned in the Law shall be in that behalf lawful in and reasonably devised or advised Be it or they by fine or fines with proclamations in due form of Law to be levied ffeoffment9 or ffeoffments9 or by any other lawful way or means whatsoever for the doing making acknowledging levying or executing whereof never the less the said Raphe GEE or the said Grace his wife or the heirs of the said Raphe GEE or any of them shall not be enforced to travel above the distance of Ten Miles from such place or places where they and every or any of them respectively shall be abiding or dwelling at the time or times of such request or requests so to be made as is aforesaid AND  WHEREAS there be certain houses cottages and buildings erected standing and being in and upon the said herbage called Maystonefield at Chinleys and divers closses10 and parcels of land thereunto belonging or otherwise used or occupied as thereunto appertaining with some houses closses10 and parcels of land are parcels of the some herbage and were heretofore built upon and enclosed out of the same and more are in the several or other tenures or occupations of the said Francis BRADSHAW or his under tenants farmers or assigns The said Thomas COTTRELL is contented and agreed and for himself his heirs and assigns doth covenant and grant to and with the said Raphe GEE his heirs and assigns by these present that the same Francis BRADSHAW his heirs and assigns shall and may forever hereafter peaceably and quietly have hold possess and enjoy the same building closses10 and enclosed lands without any manner of let claim or interruption of the said Thomas COTTRELL his heirs or assigns and the same Thomas COTTRELL shall and within lien and recompense of such part of the said building closses10 and enclosed lands as doth or might belong unto him or them by force or venture of these present be contented to accept of as much as the same doth or shall amount unto in and out of the residue of the said herbage or ground called Maystonefield alias Chinleys PROVIDED never the less and upon condition and the true intent and meaning of all the said parties to these present is That if the said Thomas COTTRELL his heirs executors administrators or assigns or some or one of them do not well and truly satisfy and pay or cause to be satisfied and paid unto the said Raphe GEE his executors administrators or assigns or some or one of them the said some of Ten pounds of lawful English money in and upon the said feast day of St Michael the Archangel which shall be in the said year of our Lord God One Thousand Six Hundred and Thirty at or in the said now dwelling house of the said Raphe GEE situated and being in the said Parish of Chapel-en-le-Frith in the said County of Derby and the like some of Ten pounds of like lawful English money in and upon the feast day of St Michael the Archangel which shall be in the year of our Lord God One Thousand Six Hundred Thirty one at or in the place aforesaid that then and immediately therefore thy that is to meet from and after default of payment of any of the said several sums of Ten pound and Ten pound or of either of them or of any part thereof at any of the several days and place in that behalf aforesaid had or made this present indenture xxxxxx and every matter article and thing therein contained shall be merely and utterly frustrate and void and also that then and from thenceforth it shall and may be lawful to and for the said Raphe GEE his heirs and assigns and every of them into all and every the said premises formerly in or by these present granted bargained and sold and meant mentioned and agreed to be herein and hereby granted bargained or sold to Re-enter and the same and every part thereof with the appurtenance to retain repossess and have again as his or their former estate This Indenture or anything therein contained or any other matter thing or cause whatsoever to the contrary thereof in any wise notwithstanding AND THAT from and after such default of payment of the said several sums of Ten pound and Ten pound or of either of them or of any pare of them or of any of them as aforesaid these present and all assurance whatsoever hereafter to be had or made of the same last mentioned premises or any part thereof shall be and so forever thenceforth shall be divided deemed and taken to be to the only sole and proper use and behouf6 of the said Raphe GEE his heirs and assigns forever according to the true intent and meaning of all the said parties to these present and to no other use whatsoever AND THE SAID Raphe GEE is contented and agreed for himself his heirs executors and administrators and every of them for and upon the considerations aforesaid do the further covenant promise and grant to and with the said Thomas COTTRELL his heirs executors and assigns and every of them by these present that if the said Thomas COTTRELL his heirs executors administrators or assigns or any of them shall and do well and truly satisfied and pay or cause to be satisfied and paid unto the said Raphe GEE his executors administrators or assigns or any of them the said several sums of Ten pound and Ten pounds of lawful money of England at the several day’s time and place and in manner and form as the same are in that behalf herein formerly limited meant or mentioned in or by the provision or condition aforesaid to be satisfied and paid as aforesaid and according to the true intent and meaning of these present that then and at all times during and within the space of six months then next ensuing he the said Raphe GEE and his heirs and every of them shall and will at and upon the Reasonable request or requests costs and charges of the said Thomas COTTRELL his heirs or assigns or any of the do make and execute unto the said Thomas COTTRELL his heirs or assigns or any of them all and every such release or releases a quittance or other discharge or discharges As well of and for the said mentioned sums of Ten pounds and Ten pounds as also of for and concerning the said conditional provision limitation or clause of re-entry former lie in these present comprised or contained and of and for all and every right title claim and demand whatsoever of the said Raphe GEE and his heirs of in or to the premises formerly in or by these present bargained and sold or meant or intended to be herein or hereby granted bargained or sold and every or any part thereof as by the said Thomas COTTRELL his heirs or assigns or any of them or by their or any of their counsel learned in the Law shall be in that behalf lawfully and reasonably devised or advised for the doing making or executing whereof the said Raphe GEE or his heirs or any of them shall not be enforced to travel further or otherwise then as for him and his heirs is before specified and so as the same do not extend to any further warranty then only against him the said Raphe GEE and his heirs and all present claiming in by from or under the title of the said Raphe GEE or his heirs IN WITTNESS whereof the said parties have hereunto Interchangeable put their hands and seals the day and year first above written xxxxxxx

NOTES:

  1. Neighbor-ship – community.
  2. Eightscore – archaic One Hundred and Sixty (160)
  3. Maystonefield alias Chynileys alias Chynleys – Maynestonfield a.k.a Mainstonefield: The old corn mill at Chapel Milton is not in the parish of Chapel-en-le-Frith but in the Township of Chinley. In most documents from the Middle Ages on downwards this township is spoken of as “Mainstonefield or Mainstonefield alias Chinley”, the latter being the usual designation and the spelling of both names having numerous variations. Maynestonfield Mill was an ancient mill owned by the King of England dating back as far as 1452 (court rolls of II Edward IV). The mill was in Chinley separated only by Hockholme Brook from Chapel-en-le-Frith, whose location was obviously needed for the water supply and was easily accessed by the communities of Chinley, Brownside, Bugsworth, Bowden Edge and Bradshaw Edge. The rents received from the Fermors (as the lessees of the various mills are called) are returned year by year in the Duchy accounts. In 1405, Walter Kyrke paid ∫2 13s. 4d. for Maynestone Mill. He was succeeded by the Bradshaws, Halleys, Leghs and John Lingard. (William Braylesford Bunting Book – pages 282-292).
  4. Revercion – Law – the return of an estate to the donor or grantor after expiry of the grant. Law – the right of succeeding to an estate. Law – a sum payable on a person’s death.
  5. Demesne – in the old feudal system was all the land, not necessarily all contiguous to the manor house.
  6. Behouf – Behoofe; Behoufe; Old English behōf; related to Middle High German behuof meaning something useful.
  7. Socage is the Feudal tenure of land by a tenant in return for agricultural or other non-military services or for payment of rent in money.
  8. Capite – In old English Law, a capite (from Latin caput) was a tenure abolished by Act 12, Charles II, xxiv (Tenures Abolition Act 1660) by which either person or land was held immediately of the King or of his crown, either by Knight Service or by socage. A holder of a capite is termed “Tenant-in-chief”.
  9. Ffeoffment – in English law was a transfer of land or property that gave the new holder the right to sell it as well as the right to pass it on to his heirs as an inheritance. It was total relinquishment and transfer of all rights of ownership of an estate in land from one individual to another. In feudal England a feoffment could only be made of a fee (or “fief”), which is an estate in land, that is to say an ownership of rights over land, rather than ownership of the land itself, the only true owner of which was the monarch under his allodial title. Enfeoffment could be made of fees of various feudal tenures, such as fee-tail or fee-simple.
  10. Closse (Close) of land is an old English term for an estate.
  11. Duchy of Lancaster is one of the two royal duchies in England, the other being the Duchy of Cornwall. The Duchy of Lancaster was created for John of Gaunt, a younger son of King Edward III of England. As the Lancaster inheritance it goes back to 1265. The duchy is not the property of The Crown, but is instead the personal (inherited) property of the monarch and has been since 1399. (Wikipedia).

Ralph Gee of Lydgate – Indenture 11th October 1629

Ralph Gee of Lydgate – Indenture 11th October 1629:

Leasehold for ¼ of a Neighbor-ship13 in Chinley:

No (5)

an Indenture of a quarter of a neighbor-ship in Chinley from Peter and Francis BRADSHAW to Ralph GEE October 11th 4th of Charles …1629:

This Indenture made the Eleventh day of October in the year of the Reign of our Sovereign Lord Charles by the Grace of God of England Scotland France and Ireland King defender of the faith and the ffomthe (?)  BETWEEN Peter BRADSHAW the elder of London; gentleman; and Francis BRADSHAW of Bradshaw in the County of Derby;  Esquire; of the part and Raphe GEE of the Lidgate [Lydgate] in the said County of Derby; yeoman; of  the other parte WITNESSETH that the said Peter BRADSHAW and Francis BRADSHAW for diverse good consideration the .o.cing and especially for and in consideration of the sum of four pounds of lawful English money to them or to the one of them by the said Raphe GEE before and well and first paid and satisfied before then sealing of these present the receipt whereof they the said Peter and Francis BRADSHAW do confess and acknowledge by these present GAVE granted aligned bargained and sold and by these present do grant align bargain and sell unto the said Raphe GEE his heirs and assigns forever the Eighth-feorth1 part of all that herbage and of all those lands called Maystonefield1 also Chinlayes otherwise called Chinlayes in the High Peak in the said County of Derby, and the Eighth-feorth1  the part of all that part and ground called Maystonefield2 also Chininleyes also Chinlais and the Eighth-feorth1 part of all and singular cottages there upon built with all and singular therein and all of their appurtenances and the Eighth-feorth1 the part of all and singular messuages, mills, houses, buildings, barns, stables, stone-houses, orchards, gardens, land, tenements, meadows, leases, pastures, demesne6, land, fures (bogs), heaths (a tract of wasteland), moors, marshes, closses3, wayes, waters, fishing’s, woods, under-woods, and trees and the Eighth-feorth1 the part of all the land ground and soil of the same woods, under-woods, and trees, mines, quarries, rents, revercions4, and services, fee-farms, amenities, customs, rights, furnishings, franchises, liberties, privilege’s, fruit, commodities, emolument and hereditaments whatsoever with all their appurtenance of what kind nature or quality so-ever, or by what manner names so-ever they be known, reckoned, named or accounted, situated, lying, coming, increasing o remaining within the county, town, fields, places, parishes, hamlet or herbage and soil aforesaid or in or within and of them or elsewhere wheresoever the premises aforesaid above expressed, and specified or to and part or parcel hen….y and means belonging appertaining, appending, or a member part or parcel of the same premises now or at any time here after had known accepted attempted used or being, one water mill called Maystonefield2 mill in the County of Derby a foresaid being excepted and altogether reserved, and the revercion4, and revercions4, whatsoever of all and singular the premises formerly herein or hereby bargained and sold or meant mentioned or agreed to be bargained or sold in or by these present and of every part and parcel thereof depending, or expectant of in or upon any demesne6, or grant demesnes6 or grants for term or terms of life lives or years, or otherwise of the premises here-are-to-fore made of record or not of record, and also the Eighth-feorth1 the part of all and singular rent and other and yearly profit whatsoever recorded upon whatsoever demesnes or grants of in or upon the premises and every part these made of record or not of record and the Eighth-feorth1 part of all the rent and yearly profit issuing or growing of in or out of all and every premises as fully freely and in wholly and in as large and ample  manner and form as our said Sovereign Lord the King and his most excellent Majesty by his Tres (Letters) Pattents as well under the great seal of England as under the seal of his County Palatine of Lancaster and seal of his Duchy of Lancaster being his date at Westminster  the ninth day of January in the one and twentieth year of His Majesties reign of England France and Ireland and in the seven and fiftieth year of His Highness reign of Scotland  did give, grant, bargain, and sell, all and singular the premises amongst other things unto Edward BADBYE12 and William WELDTEN12 their heirs and assigns in fee-form for as by the same Tres (Letters) Pattents more fully may appear, and in as large and ample manner and form as the same Edward BADBYE12 and William WELDTEN12 by their Indenture, or deed Indenter bearing date the three and twentieth day of  February in the one and twentieth year of His said Majesties reign of England France and Ireland and in the said seven and fiftieth year of His Highness reign of Scotland did bargain, give, grant, convey, or assure the premises or any part thereof unto the said Peter BRADSHAW and Francis BRADSHAW and to his heirs and assigns of the said Peter BRADSHAW or to any of them all and every with said Eighth-feorth1 the part of all and singular the before mentioned premises formerly in or by these present by the said Peter BRADSHAW and Francis BRADSHAW bargained and sold or meant or agreed to be granted, or assured to the said Raphe GEE and his heirs as aforesaid is or heretofore hath been called or known by the name of one quarter of a neighbor-ship TO HAVE hold and enjoy the said Eighth-feorth1 the part of the said herbage and land called Maystonefield2 alias Chinnileyes alias Chinlayes and the said Eighth-feorth1 part of  all and singular other the premises except before excepted and all and every the and all and every other the premises in or by these present bargained granted or sold and meant mentioned or agreed to be given, or hereby granted, bargained or sold unto the said Raphe GEE and his heirs as aforesaid unto the same Raphe GEE his heirs and assigns forever to the only sole, and proper use and behoofe5 of the same Raphe GEE his heirs and assigns in fee-farm forever, to beholden of our said Sovereign Lord the King Majesty His Highness heirs and successors as his honor of Lancaster in the County of Lancaster by fealty, only in free and common socage7 and not in capite8 nor knighted service AND YEILDING therefore yearly to our said Sovereign Lord the King His Heirs and successors eighteen pence of lawful English money to the hand of the General Receiver of our said Sovereign Lord the King His Highness heirs or successors of said Duchy of Lancaster or to his deputy for the time being, or to the land of the particular receiver of  the same premises or to his deputy for the time being, at the feast of the annunciation of blessed Mary the Virgin and Saint Michael the Arch Angel by equal portions yearly to be paid forever for all other rents, services, and demands, whatsoever forth same, to our said Sovereign Lord the King his heirs or successors for the premises granted by these present by any means to be yielded, paid or done AND the said Peter BRADSHAW, and his heirs all and every the premises above expressed and specified and by these present bargain and sold with all and every their appurtenance (except before excepted) unto the said Raphe Gee his heirs and assigns to the sole and proper use and behoofe5 of the same Raphe GEE his heirs and assigns against him the said Peter BRADSHAW his heirs and assigns shall and will warrant, and forever defend by these presents AND the said Francis BRADSHAW and his heirs all and every the said premises formerly in or by these present bargained sold, except before excepted, unto the said Raphe GEE his heirs and assigns to the sole and proper use and behoofe5 of the same Raphe GEE heirs and assigns against him the said Francis BRADSHAW and his heirs shall and will warrant and forever defend by these present AND either of the said Peter BRADSHAW and Francis BRADSHAW doth severally and respectively for himself his heirs executors and administrators and not otherwise covenant and grant to and with the said Raphe GEE his heirs and assigns by these present, that he the same Raphe GEE his heirs and assigns shall or may forever hereafter peaceable lie and any other have hold possess and enjoy all and every the premises (formerly in or by these present to him the same Raphe GEE and his heirs  bargained and sold) cleave and severally acquitted and discharged or otherwise upon reasonable request saved and kept harmless of and from all manner of form and other seisins9, grants, bargains, sales, charges, and encumbrances whatsoever heretofore had, made, committed, suffered or done by himself the same executer or his heirs or assigns or by any other person or persons lawfully claiming by from, or under him the same covenanter his heirs, or assigns, or any of them or otherwise be his or their or any of their assent, consent, or procurement AND the said Peter BRADSHAW and Francis BRADSHAW and either of them have and hath ordained constituted and made and by these presented do and doth constitute and make Henry BRADSHAW and George SWINDELS them and either of them true and lawful attorneys Jointly and severally for them and either of them, and in their and of either of their names, name, Ffidd10 and Ffidds10 and jointly or personally to enter into the said premieres, formerly in or by these present bargained and sold or meant or intended to be bargained or sold, to the said Raphe GEE and his heirs as aforesaid or into any part or parcel thereof in name of the whole, and possession and seisin thereof or of any parte thereof in name of the whole or of any part or parcel thereof to take and possession and seisin9 thereof or of any part thereof in name of the whole for them or either of them and in there or either of their names or name by Ffidd10 Jointly or severally to give and deliver unto the said Raphe GEE or to his retained attorney in writing in that behalf TO HAVE and to hold to the same Raphe GEE his heirs and assigns for over according to the true intent and meaning of these present ratifying and by these present confirming all and whatsoever there said attorney or either of them shall do, or cause to be done in or concerning the premises AND whereas there be certain houses cottages, buildings now erected, standing and being in and upon the herbage called Maystonefield2 also Chinlais and dyvers other closses3 and pinfolds11 of land there unto belonging or therewith used or occupied, as the tenements appertaining with same houses closses3 and pinfolds11 of land and pinfold11 of the same herbage and where-have-to-fore built upon out of the same and now and in the several, or other tenures of occupations of the said Francis BRADSHAW or of his under tenant farmers or assigns, the said Raphe GEE is contented and agreed, and for himself his heirs and assigns doth covenant and grant to and with the said Francis BRADSHAW his heirs and assigns by these present that he the same Francis his heirs and assigns shall or may forever Hereafter peaceably and quietly have possession and enjoy the same buildings, the seisin9 and enclosed land without any manner of let, claim, or interruption of the said Raphe GEE his heirs or assigns and that the same Raphe GEE his heirs and assigns shall and will in lieu and recompense of such part of the said buildings closses3 and enclosed lands as doth or might do belong unto him or them by force or virtue of these  present be contented to accept of as much as the same doth or shall amount unto in and out of therefore of the said herbage or ground called Maystonefield2 alias Chinlayes AND finally it is agreed between the said parties, and the said Raphe GEE for himself his heirs and assigns doth covenant, and grant to and with the said Peter BRADSHAW and Francis BRADSHAW their heirs and assigns by these present that he the said Raphe GEE his heirs and assigns shall and will and truly satisfy and pay or cause to be paid or satisfied, the said yearly rent of eighteen pence and formerly reserve in or by these present in manner and form aforesaid and according to the true intent and meaning of these present before mentioned IN WITNESS whereof the parties above said to these present indenture Interchange ably have set their hand and sealed the day and year first above written

Peter BRADSHAW      Francis BRADSHAW

NOTES:

  1.  Eighth-feorth is an old English measurement, measuring in ¼’s. Fourescorth” [an archaic word for 80] and eightscorth [an archaic word for 160].
  2. Maynestonfield a.k.a Mainstonefield: The old corn mill at Chapel Milton is not in the parish of Chapel-en-le-Frith but in the Township of Chinley. In most documents from the Middle Ages on downwards this township is spoken of as “Mainstonefield or Mainstonefield alias Chinley”, the latter being the usual designation and the spelling of both names having numerous variations. Maynestonfield Mill was an ancient mill owned by the King of England dating back as far as 1452 (court rolls of II Edward IV). The mill was in Chinley separated only by Hockholme Brook from Chapel-en-le-Frith, whose location was obviously needed for the water supply and was easily accessed by the communities of Chinley, Brownside, Bugsworth, Bowden Edge and Bradshaw Edge. The rents received from the Fermors (as the lessees of the various mills are called) are returned year by year in the Duchy accounts. In 1405, Walter Kyrke paid ∫2 13s. 4d. for Maynestone Mill. He was succeeded by the Bradshaws, Halleys, Leghs and John Lingard. (William Braylesford Bunting Book – pages 282-292)
  3. Closse (Close) of land is an old English term for an estate.
  4. Revercions; Law – the return of an estate to the donor or grantor after expiry of the grant. Law – the right of succeeding to an estate. Law – a sum payable on a person’s death.
  5. Behoofe; Behoufe; Old English behōf; related to Middle High German behuof meaning something useful.
  6. Demesne land – in the old feudal system was all the land, not necessarily all contiguous to the manor house.
  7. Socage is the Feudal tenure of land by a tenant in return for agricultural or other non-military services or for payment of rent in money.
  8. Capite: In old English Law, a capite (from Latin caput) was a tenure abolished by Act 12, Charles II, xxiv (Tenures Abolition Act 1660) by which either person or land was held immediately of the King or of his crown, either by Knight Service or by socage. A holder of a capite is termed “Tenant-in-chief”.
  9. Seisin: old feudal term denoting the legal possession of an estate of land.
  10. Ffidd or ffidded: Old English law term binding together as either/or; combined.
  11. Pinfold: A place where stray animals were confined to; a fold or pen for sheep and cattle to gather or confine; enclosure for animals; a high walled and lockable structure used for errant and stray animals;  this term was more commonly used in the north and East of England in medieval times.
  12. BADBYE AND WELDTEN: By a grant of King James the First, in that year (1622)……in consideration of the sum of 1476 pounds paid to him by his loveing subjects, Edward Badbye and William Weltden, of London, gentlemen, of his Majesty’s special grace and free will and at the special nomination, request, instance, and appunctuation of his beloved and faithful kinsman and counselor George, Duke of Buckingham, High Admiral of England, gave and granted to Edward Badbye and William Weltden, their heirs and assigns forever: All that our herbage and those our lands called Maynestonfield, otherwise Chinleis, otherwise Chynleys, in the High Peak, in the aforesaid County of Derby, and all the soil and ground called Maynestonfield, otherwise Chinleis, otherwise Chynlies; and all and every the cottages built thereon, with all and every of their particulars, now or lately in the tenure or occupation of Peter BRADSHAW, gentleman or his assigns, which said premises last mentioned, did for the particulars thereby mentioned, yearly pay or were of the value of twelve pounds. (Page 146, Reliquary, Volume 2, by Jewitt).
  13. Neighbor-ship – community.

Ralph Gee (1590-1641) – Indenture 20 October 1624

Ralph Gee (1590-1641) – INDENTURE 20TH OCTOBER 1624:

Maystonefield Mill4:

This Indenture made the twentieth day of October in the year of the reign of our sovereign Lord JAMES by the grace of god of England France and Ireland; King, defender of the faith in the two and twentieth and of Scotland the eight and fiftieth BETWEEN Peter BRADSHAW1 the elder of London gentleman and Francis BRADSHAW1 of Bradshaw [Hall] in the County of Derby; Esquire; of the one party AND Raphe GEE2of the Lidgate [Lydgate] in the said County of Derby, yeoman, of the other party WINTESSETH that the said Peter BRADSHAW1 and Francis BRADSHAW1 for diverse good causes them moninge14 and especially for and in consideration of the sum of six pounds of lawful English money to them or to the end of theme by the said Raphe GEE2 beforehand well and truly paid and satisfied before then sealing of these present the receipt whereof they the said Peter and Francis BRADSHAW1 do Confess and acknowledge by these present HAVE granted aligned bargained and sold and by these present do grant align bargain and sell unto the said Raphe GEE2 his heirs and assigns forever THE four-feorth3 part of all that herbage and of all these lands called Maystonefield4 also Chinleis otherwise called Chinley in the High Peak in the said County of Derby and the four-feorth3 part of all that soil and ground called Maystonefield also Chinleis also Chinley and the four-feorth3 part of all and singular cottages there upon built with all and singular there and every of them appurtenances and the four-feorth3 parte of all and singular messuages houses edifices buildings barns stables stone-houses outlands gardens land common meadows leases pastures common demesne land10 forest heaths [a tract of wasteland] moors marshes mosses ways waters fishing’s wood and underwood and trees AND the four-feorth3 part of all the land ground and soil of the same woods and under-woods and trees mines quarries rents revercions15 and services fee-farms amenities customs rights jurisdictions franchises liberties privileges fruits commodities emolument and hereditaments whatsoever with all their appurtenances of what kind nature or quality so ever or by what name or names so ever they be known reckoned named or accounted situate lying being coming increasing or remaining within the County comefielde places parishes hamlet or herbage and soil aforesaid or in or within any of them on elsewhere wheresoever to the premises aforesaid above expressed and specified or to any part or parcel thereof by any means belonging appertaining apparent or as member part or parcel of the same premises now at any time aforesaid and water mill called Maystonefield4 mill in the County of Derby aforesaid being excepted and altogether reserved and the revercion15 and revercions15 whatsoever of all and singular the premises formerly here in or hereby bargained and sold or mentioned or agreed to be bargained or sold in or by these present and of every part and parcel thereof depending or expectant of in or upon any demesne or grant demesnes or grants for term or terms of life lives or years or otherwise of the premises heretofore made of record or not of record AND also the four-feorth3 part of all and singular rents and yearly profit whatsoever recorded upon whatsoever demesnes or grants of in or upon the premises or any part thereof made of records or not of record and the four-feorth3 part of all and singular rents profit issuing coming or growing of in or out of all and every the premises as fully freely and wholly and in as large and ample manner and form as are paid sovereign Lord the King his most excellent Majesty by his letters patent as well under the great seal of England as under the seal of his County Palatine of Lancaster and Seale of his Duchy of Lancaster bearing date Westminster the ninth day of January in the one and twentieth year of his majesties reign of England France and Ireland and in the Seven and fiftieth year of his Highness Reign of Scotland DID give grant bargain and sell all and singular the premises amongst other things unto Edward BADBYE5 and William WELDTEN5their heirs and assigns in fee-form for ever as by the same letters patent more fully may appear and in as large and ample manner and form as the said Edward BADBYE and William WELDTEN by their Indenture or deed Indented bearing date the three and twentieth day of February in the one and twentieth year of his said Majesties reign of England, France and Ireland and in the seven and fiftieth year of his Highness’ reign of Scotland did bargain and sell give grant convey or assign the premises or any part thereof unto the said Peter BRADSHAW1 and Francis BRADSHAW1 and to the heirs and assigns of the said Peter BRADSHAW1or any of them ALL WHICH said four-feorth3 part of all and singular the before mentioned premises formerly in or by these present by the said Peter BRADSHAW1 and Francis BRADSHAW1 bargained and sold or meant or agreed to be granted or affirmed to the said Raphe GEE2 and his heirs as aforesaid is or heretofore hath been called or known by the name of half at neighbor ship TO HAVE hold and enjoy the said four-feorth3 part of the said herbage and land called Maystonefield also Chinlayes also Chinlayse and the said four-feorth3 part of all and every other the premises except before excepted and all and every other the premises formerly in or by these present bargained granted or sold and meant mentioned or agreed to be herein or hereby granted bargained or sold unto the said Raphe GEE2 and his heirs as aforesaid unto the same Raphe GEE2 his heirs and assigns forever; TO THE only sole and proper use and behoofe11 of the same Raphe GEE2 his heirs and assigns in fee-form for ever To be Holden of our said Sovereign Lord the King Majesty his Highness heirs and successors as of his honor of Lancaster in the County of Lancaster by fealty …lie in fair and common Socage6 and not in Capite7 now by Knighted service AND yielding therefore yearly to our said Sovereign Lord the King his heirs and successors three shillings of lawful English money to the hand of the General retainer of our said Sovereign Lord the King his Highness heirs or successors of his said Duchy of Lancaster or to his Deputy for the time being or to the hand of the particular receiver of the same premises or of his Deputy for the time being at the feasts of The annunciation of Blessed Mary the virgin and Saint Michael the Arch Angel by equal portions yearly to be paid for all other rents services and demands whatsoever for the same, to our said Sovereign Lord the King his heirs or successors for the premises granted by these present by any means to be yielded paid or done AND the said Peter BRADSHAW1 and his heirs all and every the premises above expressed and specified and by these present bargained and sold with all and every there appurtenances except before excepted unto the said Raphe GEE2 his heirs and assigns to the sole and proper use and behoufe11 of the same Raphe GEE2 his heirs and assigns against him the said Peter BRADSHAW1 his heirs and assigns shall and will warrant and forever defend by these present AND the said Francis BRADSHAW1 and his heirs all and every the said premises formerly in or by these present bargained or sold except before excepted unto the said Raphe GEE2 his heirs and assigns to the sole and proper use and behose11 of the same Raphe GEE2 his heirs and assigns against them the said Francis BRADSHAW1 and his heirs shall and will warrant and forever defend by these present And either of the said Peter BRADSHAW1 and Francis BRADSHAW1 doth severally and respectively for himself his heirs exceptions and administer and not otherwise covenant and grant to and with the said Raphe GEE2his heirs and assigns by these present that he the same Raphe GEE2 his heirs and assigns shall or may forever hereafter peaceably and quietly have hold possess and enjoy all and every the premises (formerly in or by these present to him the same Raphe GEE2 and his heirs bargained and sold, there and thereby acquitted and discharged or otherwise upon the reasonable request saved and kept harmless of and from all and all manner so ever and other Ffeofment12 gifts grants bargains sales changes and in cumbrance whatsoever heretofore had made committed suffered or done by himself the same covenanter or his heirs or his assigns or by any other person or persons lawfully claiming by from or under him the same covenanter his heirs or assigns or any of them or otherwise by his or their or any of their assent consent or procurement AND the said Peter BRADSHAW1 and Francis BRADSHAW1 and either of them have and hath ordained constituted and made and by these present do and doth constitute and make John WILSON and George SWINDELS there and either of their true and lawful attorneys jointly and Severally for them and either of them and in their and either of their name names ffid8 and ffids8 jointly or personal to enter into the said premises formerly in or by these present bargained and sold or meant or intended to be bargained or sold to the said Raphe GEE2 and his heirs as aforesaid or into any part of parcel thereof in name of the whole and possession and seisin thereof or of any part thereof in name of the whole or of any parte or parcel thereof to take and possession and seisin thereof or of any part thereof in name of the whole for theme or either of them and in there or either of their names named or ffids8 jointly or severally to give and deliver unto the said Raphe GEE2or to his certain attorney in writing in that behalf TO HAVE and to hold to the same Raphe GEE2 his heirs and assigns forever according to the true intent and meaning of these present ratifying and by these present confirming all and whatsoever there said attorneys or either of them shall do or cause to be done in or concerning the premises AND whereas therefore certain houses cottages and buildings e.nceced standing and being in and upon the said herbage called Maystonefield at Chinlayes and dyners closes9 and pinfold16 of land thereunto belonging or otherwise used or occupied as thereunto appertaining the same houses closes9 and pinfolds16 of land and parcels of the same herbage and were heretofore built upon and enclosed out of the same and now are in the several or other tenures or occupations of the said Francis BRADSHAW1 or of his under tenant farmers or assigns THE said Raphe GEE2 is contented and agreed and for himself his heirs and assigns doth covenant and grant to and with the said Francis BRADSSHAW1 his heirs and assigns by these present that had the same Francis BRADSHAW1his heirs and assigns shall and may for ever have after peaceable and quietly have possess and enjoy the same buildings closes9 and enclosed land without any manner of lot claim or interruption of the said Raphe GEE2his heirs and assigns and the same Raphe GEE2 all and will in how (?) and recompense of such part of the said buildings closes and enclosed land as doth or might belong unto him or them by force or virtue of these present be contented to accept of as much as the same doth or shall amount unto in and out of the residue of the said herbage or ground called Maystonefield4 alias Chinlayes AND Finally it is at grirl (?) between the said parties and the said Raphe GEE2 for himself his heirs and assigns doth covenant and grant to and with the said Peter BRADSHAW1and Francis BRADSHAW1their heirs and assigns by these present… … the said Raphe GEE2 his heirs and assigns shall and will well and truly satisfy and pay or cause to be paid or satisfied the said yearly rent of three shillings formerly reserved in or by these present… to the tner true intent and meaning of these present before mentioned

IN WITNESSE whereof the parties above said to these present indenture Interchangeably

SIGNED:       Peter Bradshaw1          Francis Bradshaw1

NOTES:

  1.  BRADSHAW OR BRADSHAWE: Peter BRADSHAW, gentleman, the expelled tenant of the herbage of Maynsetonfield or Chinleis (now forming a considerable portion of the large Township of Chinley, Bugsworth and Brownside in the parish of Glossop) was the uncle or very near kinsman of the famous John Bradshaw (President of the court who signed the warrant to behead King Charles the first). John’s father, Henry Bradshaw, was the younger brother of Peter. Francis BRADSHAW was either a brother or a cousin to John and a nephew to Peter aforementioned and who resided at Bradshaw Hall. (Page 147 – Reliquary Volume 2 by Jewitt). 1610- July 2. Petition from Sir Peter BRADSHAW and others to Salisbury concerning the stay in assigning an extended lease of their farm in Chinley alias Maynestonfield, County of Derby, which they purchased.
  2. Raphe GEE – Ralph GEE of Lydgate born circa 1590 and died after 1636 was the second “GEE” owner of Lydgate farm in Peak Forest, Derbyshire.
  3. Some-feorth or four-feorth or eight-feorth is an old English measurement, measuring in ¼’s. Fourescorth” [an archaic word for 80] and eightscorth [an archaic word for 160].
  4. Maynestonfield a.k.a Mainstonefield: The old corn mill at Chapel Milton is not in the parish of Chapel-en-le-Frith but in the Township of Chinley. In most documents from the Middle Ages on downwards this township is spoken of as “Mainstonefield or Mainstonefield alias Chinley”, the latter being the usual designation and the spelling of both names having numerous variations. Maynestonfield Mill was an ancient mill owned by the King of England dating back as far as 1452 (court rolls of II Edward IV). The mill was in Chinley separated only by Hockholme Brook from Chapel-en-le-Frith, whose location was obviously needed for the water supply and was easily accessed by the communities of Chinley, Brownside, Bugsworth, Bowden Edge and Bradshaw Edge. The rents received from the Fermors (as the lessees of the various mills are called) are returned year by year in the Duchy accounts. In 1405, Walter Kyrke paid ∫2 13s. 4d. for Maynestone Mill. He was succeeded by the Bradshaws, Halleys, Leghs and John Lingard. (William Braylesford Bunting Book – pages 282-292).
  5. BADBYE AND WELDTEN: By a grant of King James the First, in that year (1622)……in consideration of the sum of 1476 pounds paid to him by his loveing subjects, Edward Badbye and William Weltden, of London, gentlemen, of his Majesty’s special grace and free will and at the special nomination, request, instance, and appunctuation of his beloved and faithful kinsman and counselor George, Duke of Buckingham, High Admiral of England, gave and granted to Edward Badbye and William Weltden, their heirs and assigns forever: All that our herbage and those our lands called Maynestonfield, otherwise Chinleis, otherwise Chynleys, in the High Peak, in the aforesaid County of Derby, and all the soil and ground called Maynestonfield, otherwise Chinleis, otherwise Chynlies; and all and every the cottages built thereon, with all and every of their particulars, now or lately in the tenure or occupation of Peter BRADSHAW, gentleman or his assigns, which said premises last mentioned, did for the particulars thereby mentioned, yearly pay or were of the value of twelve pounds. (Page 146, Reliquary, Volume 2, by Jewitt).
  6. Socage is the Feudal tenure of land by a tenant in return for agricultural or other non-military services or for payment of rent in money.
  7. Capite: In old English Law, a capite (from Latin caput) was a tenure abolished by Act 12, Charles II, xxiv (Tenures Abolition Act 1660) by which either person or land was held immediately of the King or of his crown, either by Knight Service or by socage. A holder of a capite is termed “Tenant-in-chief”.
  8. Ffidd or ffidded: Old English law term binding together as either/or; combined.
  9. Closse (Close) of land is an old English term for an estate.
  10. 10  Demesne land – in the old feudal system was all the land, not necessarily all contiguous to the manor house.
  11. Behoofe; Behoufe; Old English behōf; related to Middle High German behuof meaning something useful.
  12. Feoffment   in English law was a transfer of land or property that gave the new holder the right to sell it as well as the right to pass it on to his heirs as an inheritance. It was total relinquishment and transfer of all rights of ownership of an estate in land from one individual to another. In feudal England a feoffment could only be made of a fee (or “fief”), which is an estate in land, that is to say an ownership of rights over land, rather than ownership of the land itself, the only true owner of which was the monarch under his allodial title. Enfeoffment could be made of fees of various feudal tenures, such as fee-tail or fee-simple.
  13. Seisin: old feudal term denoting the legal possession of an estate of land.
  14. Moninge;     cause sorrow or lament
  15. Revercions; Law – the return of an estate to the donor or grantor after expiry of the grant. Law – the right of succeeding to an estate. Law – a sum payable on a person’s death.
  16. Pinfold:         A place where stray animals were confined to; a fold or pen for sheep and cattle to gather or confine; enclosure for animals; a high walled and lockable structure used for errant and stray animals;  this term was more commonly used in the north and East of England in medieval times.

Ralph GEE of Lydgate – Indenture dated 2nd October 1624

Indenture for Ralph GEE of Lydgate – 2nd  October 1624

Purchase Mainstone Field:

This indenture made the second day of October in the years of the reign of our Sovereign Lord James [James I 1603-1625] by the grace of god of England, France and Ireland; King, defender of the faith etc., the two and twenty and of Scotland the eight and fifty;  Between Peter BRADSHAW1 the elder of London gentleman and Francis BRADSHAW1of Bradshaw [of Bradshaw Hall] in the County of Derby … of the one part and Raphe GEE2 of the Lidgate in the said County of Derby yeoman of the other part; Witnesseth that the said Peter BRADSHAW1 and Frances BRADSHAW1 for diverse good causes them moninge [sorrow – lament], and especially for and in consideration of the sum of nine pounds of lawful English money to them or to the one of them by the said Raphe GEE2 before-hand well and timely paid, and satisfied before the sealing of these present the receipt whereof they the said Peter and Francis BRADSHAW1 do confirm and acknowledge by these present HAVE granted, aligned, bargained and sold and by these present do grant, align, bargain, and sell unto the said Raphe GEE2his heirs and assigns forever the some-feorth3 part and also the eight-feorth3 part of all that herbage and of all those called Mainstonefield4 also Chinlayes [the old word for Chinley], otherwise called Chinlayse [another old word for Chinley] in the High Peak in the said County of Derby, and the some-feorth3 part and also the eight-feorth3 part of all that soil and ground called Mainstonefield4 also [Chinley] and the four-feorth3 part also the eight-feorth3 part of all and singular cottages there upon built with all and singular their and every of their appurtenances … the some-feorth3 part and also the eight-feorth3 part of all and singular messuages, mills, houses, edifices, buildings, barns, stables, land houses, orchards, gardens, land, tenements, meadows, Leases, pastures, commons, demesne lands, fures [bogs] hoathes, moors, marshes, mosses, ways, waters, fishing’s, wood, underwood, and trees, and the some-feorth3 part and also the eight-feorth3 part of all the land, ground, and soil of the same woods, under-woods, and trees mines, quarries, rents, remitting’s, and services, fee-farms, amenities, customs, rights, jurisdictions, franchises, liberties, privileges, with all their appurtenances of what kind nature, or quality so ever, or by what name or names so ever they be known, atoned, named or accounted, situated, lying, coming, [crossing], or enewing [?unreadable] within the County Town field plates, parishes, hamlet, or herbage and soil aforesaid or in or within and of there or …..  ….. So ever to the … fee aforesaid ……………….. parcel thereof by and means belonging, appertaining, appending, or as member part Or parcel  of the same premises now or at any time hereafter had known attested occupied used or being and water mill called Mainstonefield Mill4, in the County of Derby aforesaid being excepted and astoge [unreadable?] there reserved and the remitting’s and remittance whatsoever of all and singular the premises formerly herein, or hereby bargained and sold or mentioned or agreed to be bargained or sold in or by these present, and of every part, and parcel part thereof depending or expectant of in or upon and demise, or grant demises, or grant for term, or terms of leases, liens, or years or otherwise of the premises heretofore made of record, or not of record, and also the four-feorth3 part and also the eight-feorth3 part of all and singular rent, and other yearly profits whatsoever reserved upon whatsoever demises, or grant of in or upon the premises and every part thereof made of record, or not of record and the four-feorth3 part and also the eight-feorth3 part of all the rent, and yearly profit, issuing or growing of in or out of all and every the premises, as fully, fu..lie and wholly, and in as large and ample manor and form as our said sovereign Lord the King his most excellent majesty by his … patent as well under the great seal of England, as under the seal of his County Palatine of Lanc[aster], and Seal of his [Derby] of Land bearing date at mestm [?unreadable] the ninth day of January in the one and twentieth year of  his Majesties reign of England, France, Ireland and in the season and fiftieth year of his Highness reign of Scotland, did give, grant bargain, and sell all and singular the premises amongst other things unto said Edward BADBYE5 and William WELTDEN5 their heirs and assigns in fee-form for ever, as … some … patent now fully may appear, and in as large and ample manor and form as the same Edward BADBYE5 and William WELTDEN5 by their Indenture, or deed Indented bearing date the three, and twenty day of February in the one and twentieth year of his said Majesties reign of England, France and Ireland and in the said season and fifty year of his Highness’ reign of Scotland did bargain, give, grant, convey and assign the premises or any part thereof, unto the said Peter BRADSAW1and Francis BRADSHAW1 and to their heirs and assigns of the said Peter BRADSHAW1, or to any of them all and every the said four-feorth3 part and also eight-feorth3 part of all and singular the before mentioned part formerly in or by these presents by the said Peter BRADSHAW1 and Francis BRADSHAW1 bargained and sold, or meant, or agreed to be granted, or affirmed to the said Raphe GEE2 and his heirs as aforesaid is or heretofore hath been called or known by the name of these quarters of one neighbor ship To have hold and enjoy the said four-feorth3 part and also the eight-feorth3 part of the said herbage and land called Mainstonefield also [Chinley] and the said four-feorth3 part and also the said eight-feorth3 part of all and singular other the premises except before and all and every other the premises in or by these presents bargained, granted or sold and meant, mentioned, or agreed to ….., or hereby granted, bargained, or sold unto the said Raphe GEE2 and his heirs as aforesaid unto the same Raphe GEE2 his heirs and assigns forever to the only sole, and .. . and bequests of the same Raphe GEE2his heirs and assigns in fee-form for ever to be Holden of our said Sovereign Lord the King Majesty his Highness heirs and successors as of his honor at (Law) in the County of Lanc[aster] by fealty only in free and common socage6 and not in capite7 nor Knight service And Yielding therefore yearly to our said Sovereign Lord the King and his successors four shillings and five pence of Lawful English money the hand of the general race..…of our said Sovereign Lord the King his Highness’ heirs, or successors of his said ….[unreadable] of Law or to his deputy, for the time being, or to the hands of the p’tirn late receiver of the same premises or to his deputy for the time being at the Feast of the Annunciation of Blessed Marie the Virgin, and St Michael the arch angel by equal portions yearly to be paid for ever for all other rent, services, and demands whatsoever for the same, to our said Sovereign Lord the King his heirs or successors for the promises granted by these present done AND the said Peter BRADSHAW1and his heirs all and every the premises above expressed and …. fiel [?unreadable], and by these present bargained and sold with all and every their appurtenances except before excepted unto the said Raphe GEE2his heirs and assigns to the sole purpose and bequests of the same Raphe GEE2 his heirs and assigns against him the said Peter BRADSHAW1 his heirs and assigns shall and will warrant, and forever de..(unreadable) of and by these present AND the said Francis BRADSHAW1 and his heirs all and every the said premises formerly in or by these present bargained or sold except before excepted, unto the said Raphe GEE2 his heirs, and assigns to the sole and proper use and bequest of the same Raphe GEE his heirs and assigns against the said Francis BRADSHAW1 and his heirs shall and will warrant and forever de..te [?unreadable] AND either of the said Peter BRADSHAW1 and Francis BRADSHAW1 doth severally and respectively for himself his heirs, executors and administrators, and not otherwise covenant and grant to and with the said Raphe GEE2 his heirs and assigns by these present, that here the same Raphe GEE2 his heirs and assigns shall or may fore ever hereafter peaceably, and quietly have, hold, possess, and enjoy all and every the premises formerly in or by these  present to him the same Raphe GEE2 and his heirs bargained and sold, cleave and cleaved, acquitted and discharged, or otherwise upon reasonably requested serve and kept harmless of and from all manner of form and  other fee-form, granted, bargained, sales, charges and encumbrances whatsoever except afore said had made committed suffered, or loaned or hereafter to be had made, committed, suffered, or loaned by himself the same concerns his heirs, or assigns, or by any other person, or persons lawful fulln [?unreadable] clayminge by from or under him the same executors, his heirs, or assigns or any of them or otherwise by his or their or any of them [absent], [present], or procu.en …the said Peter BRADSHAW1 and Francis BRADSHAW1 and either of them have, and hath and cy…..tnted and in them.., and either of them named, names ffidd8 and ffidded8 jointly  or severally …..indell there and either of there tun.. and lawful …. Jointly and severally by them, and either to be bargained, or sold, to the said Raphe GEE2, and his heirs as aforesaid, or unto any part [or parcel] into the said premises, formerly in, or be these presented, bargained and sold, or meant or intended of the whole, or of any part or parcel thereof to take and possession and seisin [to take possession of by legal process] thereof or of any part thereof or parcel thereof in name of the whole and possession and season thereof or and part thereof in name, or ffidde8 jointly, or severally to give, and deliver unto the said Raphe GEE2 or to his cr.. contained [retained?] attorney in writing in that behalf TO Have and to hold to the same Raphe GEE2His heirs and assigns forever according to the true intent and meaning of these present ratifying, and by these present confirming all and whatsoever their said attorneys or bothof them shall do, or cause to be done in or concerning the premises AND whereas thereby certain houses, cottages, buildings, now rented, standing and being in and upon the said herbageCalled Mainstonefield alias [Chinley] and dyners, closses9, and plels of land thereunto belonging or thereunto used or occupied as thereunto appertaining to the same houses, closses9, and plels of land and pfos [?unreadable] of the same herbage, and were heretofore built, upon and enclosed onto the same, and now are in the parcel, or other tenements or occupations of the said Francis BRADSHAW1or  of his .ud.. Tenants, farmers or assigns, the said Raphe GEE2.. contented, and agreed, and for himself his heirs and assigns doth account and grant to and with the said Francis BRADSHAW1 his heirs and assigns by these present that he the same Francis BRADSHAW1 and assigns shall or may forever hereafter peaceably and quietly have possessed, and enjoyed the same buildings, lofts and enclosures land and without any manner of loss, claim, or [?redemption] of the said Raphe GEE2 his heirs or assigns and that the same Raphe GEE2 his heirs and assigns shall and will in lieu and recompense of such part of  buildings, closses9, and …. Land as doth or mighty belong unto him or them before certain of these present, letrutented [?unreadable] to accept of as.. .h as the same doth or shall amount untoin and out of the residue of the said herbage, or ground called Mainstonefield also Chinley AND HAD finally it is agreed be… the said parts and the said Raphe GEE2 for him self his heirs and assignsdoth commit, and grant to and with the said Peter BRADSHAW1 and Francis BRADSHAW1 their heirs and assigns by these present that he the said Raphe GEE2 his heirs and assigns shall and will well and truly satisfyand pay, or cause to be paid satisfied, the said yearly rent of four shillings five pence formerly reserved in, or by these present in manner and form aforesaid and according to the tenor ……….[unreadable]

Peter BRADSHAW1          Raphe GEE2     Francis BRADSHAW1

Sealed and joined in the presence of:

Edward BRADSHAW

Geo SAYE (SAVE) [?SAVAGE]

William MARCHINGTON

John WILSON

We ` that full and peaceable possession and seisin [to take possession of by legal process] was taken and delivered the nine and twentieth day of October in the year first within written at a ……. place commonly called LyLee and by the delivery of a clodd in the name of all the land and premises with the appurtenances within specified by John WILSON and of the attorneys within mentioned to the written named Raphe GEE2according to the tenor and effect the written specified promises in the presence of :

Thomas BOWDON

James CARRINGTON

Raphe FERNELEY

John MELLOR

H.. [MARSH]

Robert CARRINGTON10

George LOWE

Thomas BUXTON

NOTES:

  1. BRADSHAW OR BRADSHAWE: Peter BRADSHAW, gentleman, the expelled tenant of the herbage of Maynsetonfield or Chinleis (now forming a considerable portion of the large Township of Chinley, Bugsworth and Brownside in the parish of Glossop) was the uncle or very near kinsman of the famous John Bradshaw (President of the court who signed the warrant to behead King Charles the first). John’s father, Henry Bradhaw, was the younger brother of Peter.  Francis BRADSHAW was either a brother or a cousin to John and a nephew to Peter aforementioned and who resided at Bradshaw Hall. (Page 147 – Reliquary Volume 2 by Jewitt).

1610- July 2. Petition from Sir Peter BRADSHAW and others to Salisbury concerning the stay in assigning an extended lease of their farm in Chinley alias Maynestonfield, County of Derby, which they purchased.

2.Raphe GEE – Ralph GEE of Lydgate born circa 1590 and died after 1636 was the second “GEE” owner of Lydgate farm in Peak Forest, Derbyshire.

3. Some-feorth or four-feorth or eight-feorth is an old English measurement, measuring in ¼’s. Fourescorth” [an archaic word for 80] and eightscorth [an archaic word for 160].

4. Maynestonfield a.k.a Mainstonefield: The old corn mill at Chapel Milton is not in the parish of Chapel-en-le-Frith but in the Township of Chinley.  In most documents from the Middle Ages on downwards this township is spoken of as “Mainstonefield or Mainstonefield alias Chinley”, the latter being the usual designation and the spelling of both names having numerous variations.  Maynestonfield Mill was an ancient mill owned by the King of England dating back as far as 1452 (court rolls of II Edward IV). The mill was in Chinley separated only by Hockholme Brook from Chapel-en-le-Frith, whose location was obviously needed for the water supply and was easily accessed by the communities of Chinley, Brownside, Bugsworth, Bowden Edge and Bradshaw Edge. The rents received from the Fermors (as the lessees of the various mills are called) are returned year by year in the Duchy accounts.  In 1405, Walter Kyrke paid ∫2 13s. 4d. for Maynestone Mill. He was succeeded by the Bradshaws, Halleys, Leghs and John Lingard.  (William Braylesford Bunting Book – pages 282-292).

5. BADBYE AND WELDTEN: By a grant of King James the First, in that year (1622)……in consideration of the sum of 1476 pounds paid to him by his loveing subjects, Edward Badbye and William Weltden, of London, gentlemen, of his Majesty’s special grace and free will and at the special nomination, request, instance, and appunctuation of his beloved and faithful kinsman and counselor George, Duke of Buckingham, High Admiral of England, gave and granted to Edward Badbye and William Weltden, their heirs and assigns forever: All that our herbage and those our lands called Maynestonfield, otherwise Chinleis, otherwise Chynleys, in the High Peak, in the aforesaid County of Derby, and all the soil and ground called Maynestonfield, otherwise Chinleis, otherwise Chynlies; and all and every the cottages built thereon, with all and every of their particulars, now or lately in the tenure or occupation of Peter BRADSHAW, gentleman or his assigns, which said premises last mentioned, did for the particulars thereby mentioned, yearly pay or were of the value of twelve pounds. (Page 146, Reliquary, Volume 2, by Jewitt).

6. Socage is the Feudal tenure of land by a tenant in return for agricultural or other non-military services or for payment of rent in money.

7. Capite: In old English Law, a capite (from Latin caput) was a tenure abolished by Act 12, Charles II, xxiv (Tenures Abolition Act 1660) by which either person or land was held immediately of the King or of his crown, either by Knight Service or by socage.  A holder of a capite is termed “Tenant-in-chief”.

8. Ffidd or ffidded: Old English law term binding together as either/or; combined.

9. Closse (Close) of land is an old English term for an estate.

10. 1622 4th February Robert Carrington of Chinley Houses married Joan daughter Robert Bagshaw, late of Dalehead.


Gees of Derbyshire

is an incomplete history which was started almost 75 years ago by my great aunt, of whom her mother Eliza GEE, was a direct decendant.   I have attempted to continue to trace the old GEE family as far back as possible. 

My great-aunt was a prolific writer and I have luckily been given some of her works.

I am adding records almost daily, so this site will change over time.  Your comments are welcome.

I have added some stories that I have accumulated over the years.  I would love to hear from other researchers of the GEE family and your stories. 

In tracing this GEE family, I have also documented many other families, such as CARRINGTON, MARRIOTT, HYDE, DAVENPORT, JODRELL, WOOD, SHALLCROSS, HALL, BOWDEN, HADFIELD, to name a few who married intermittently over several hundred years with the GEES of Derbyshire.

As my research continues, I will add more chapters to this book with more informaion on the many above  extended families (connecting the dots so to speak).

Please feel free to contact me.  Angela.