Indenture for Ralph GEE of Lydgate – 2nd October 1624
Purchase Mainstone Field:
This indenture made the second day of October in the years of the reign of our Sovereign Lord James [James I 1603-1625] by the grace of god of England, France and Ireland; King, defender of the faith etc., the two and twenty and of Scotland the eight and fifty; Between Peter BRADSHAW1 the elder of London gentleman and Francis BRADSHAW1of Bradshaw [of Bradshaw Hall] in the County of Derby … of the one part and Raphe GEE2 of the Lidgate in the said County of Derby yeoman of the other part; Witnesseth that the said Peter BRADSHAW1 and Frances BRADSHAW1 for diverse good causes them moninge [sorrow – lament], and especially for and in consideration of the sum of nine pounds of lawful English money to them or to the one of them by the said Raphe GEE2 before-hand well and timely paid, and satisfied before the sealing of these present the receipt whereof they the said Peter and Francis BRADSHAW1 do confirm and acknowledge by these present HAVE granted, aligned, bargained and sold and by these present do grant, align, bargain, and sell unto the said Raphe GEE2his heirs and assigns forever the some-feorth3 part and also the eight-feorth3 part of all that herbage and of all those called Mainstonefield4 also Chinlayes [the old word for Chinley], otherwise called Chinlayse [another old word for Chinley] in the High Peak in the said County of Derby, and the some-feorth3 part and also the eight-feorth3 part of all that soil and ground called Mainstonefield4 also [Chinley] and the four-feorth3 part also the eight-feorth3 part of all and singular cottages there upon built with all and singular their and every of their appurtenances … the some-feorth3 part and also the eight-feorth3 part of all and singular messuages, mills, houses, edifices, buildings, barns, stables, land houses, orchards, gardens, land, tenements, meadows, Leases, pastures, commons, demesne lands, fures [bogs] hoathes, moors, marshes, mosses, ways, waters, fishing’s, wood, underwood, and trees, and the some-feorth3 part and also the eight-feorth3 part of all the land, ground, and soil of the same woods, under-woods, and trees mines, quarries, rents, remitting’s, and services, fee-farms, amenities, customs, rights, jurisdictions, franchises, liberties, privileges, with all their appurtenances of what kind nature, or quality so ever, or by what name or names so ever they be known, atoned, named or accounted, situated, lying, coming, [crossing], or enewing [?unreadable] within the County Town field plates, parishes, hamlet, or herbage and soil aforesaid or in or within and of there or ….. ….. So ever to the … fee aforesaid ……………….. parcel thereof by and means belonging, appertaining, appending, or as member part Or parcel of the same premises now or at any time hereafter had known attested occupied used or being and water mill called Mainstonefield Mill4, in the County of Derby aforesaid being excepted and astoge [unreadable?] there reserved and the remitting’s and remittance whatsoever of all and singular the premises formerly herein, or hereby bargained and sold or mentioned or agreed to be bargained or sold in or by these present, and of every part, and parcel part thereof depending or expectant of in or upon and demise, or grant demises, or grant for term, or terms of leases, liens, or years or otherwise of the premises heretofore made of record, or not of record, and also the four-feorth3 part and also the eight-feorth3 part of all and singular rent, and other yearly profits whatsoever reserved upon whatsoever demises, or grant of in or upon the premises and every part thereof made of record, or not of record and the four-feorth3 part and also the eight-feorth3 part of all the rent, and yearly profit, issuing or growing of in or out of all and every the premises, as fully, fu..lie and wholly, and in as large and ample manor and form as our said sovereign Lord the King his most excellent majesty by his … patent as well under the great seal of England, as under the seal of his County Palatine of Lanc[aster], and Seal of his [Derby] of Land bearing date at mestm [?unreadable] the ninth day of January in the one and twentieth year of his Majesties reign of England, France, Ireland and in the season and fiftieth year of his Highness reign of Scotland, did give, grant bargain, and sell all and singular the premises amongst other things unto said Edward BADBYE5 and William WELTDEN5 their heirs and assigns in fee-form for ever, as … some … patent now fully may appear, and in as large and ample manor and form as the same Edward BADBYE5 and William WELTDEN5 by their Indenture, or deed Indented bearing date the three, and twenty day of February in the one and twentieth year of his said Majesties reign of England, France and Ireland and in the said season and fifty year of his Highness’ reign of Scotland did bargain, give, grant, convey and assign the premises or any part thereof, unto the said Peter BRADSAW1and Francis BRADSHAW1 and to their heirs and assigns of the said Peter BRADSHAW1, or to any of them all and every the said four-feorth3 part and also eight-feorth3 part of all and singular the before mentioned part formerly in or by these presents by the said Peter BRADSHAW1 and Francis BRADSHAW1 bargained and sold, or meant, or agreed to be granted, or affirmed to the said Raphe GEE2 and his heirs as aforesaid is or heretofore hath been called or known by the name of these quarters of one neighbor ship To have hold and enjoy the said four-feorth3 part and also the eight-feorth3 part of the said herbage and land called Mainstonefield also [Chinley] and the said four-feorth3 part and also the said eight-feorth3 part of all and singular other the premises except before and all and every other the premises in or by these presents bargained, granted or sold and meant, mentioned, or agreed to ….., or hereby granted, bargained, or sold unto the said Raphe GEE2 and his heirs as aforesaid unto the same Raphe GEE2 his heirs and assigns forever to the only sole, and .. . and bequests of the same Raphe GEE2his heirs and assigns in fee-form for ever to be Holden of our said Sovereign Lord the King Majesty his Highness heirs and successors as of his honor at (Law) in the County of Lanc[aster] by fealty only in free and common socage6 and not in capite7 nor Knight service And Yielding therefore yearly to our said Sovereign Lord the King and his successors four shillings and five pence of Lawful English money the hand of the general race..…of our said Sovereign Lord the King his Highness’ heirs, or successors of his said ….[unreadable] of Law or to his deputy, for the time being, or to the hands of the p’tirn late receiver of the same premises or to his deputy for the time being at the Feast of the Annunciation of Blessed Marie the Virgin, and St Michael the arch angel by equal portions yearly to be paid for ever for all other rent, services, and demands whatsoever for the same, to our said Sovereign Lord the King his heirs or successors for the promises granted by these present done AND the said Peter BRADSHAW1and his heirs all and every the premises above expressed and …. fiel [?unreadable], and by these present bargained and sold with all and every their appurtenances except before excepted unto the said Raphe GEE2his heirs and assigns to the sole purpose and bequests of the same Raphe GEE2 his heirs and assigns against him the said Peter BRADSHAW1 his heirs and assigns shall and will warrant, and forever de..(unreadable) of and by these present AND the said Francis BRADSHAW1 and his heirs all and every the said premises formerly in or by these present bargained or sold except before excepted, unto the said Raphe GEE2 his heirs, and assigns to the sole and proper use and bequest of the same Raphe GEE his heirs and assigns against the said Francis BRADSHAW1 and his heirs shall and will warrant and forever de..te [?unreadable] AND either of the said Peter BRADSHAW1 and Francis BRADSHAW1 doth severally and respectively for himself his heirs, executors and administrators, and not otherwise covenant and grant to and with the said Raphe GEE2 his heirs and assigns by these present, that here the same Raphe GEE2 his heirs and assigns shall or may fore ever hereafter peaceably, and quietly have, hold, possess, and enjoy all and every the premises formerly in or by these present to him the same Raphe GEE2 and his heirs bargained and sold, cleave and cleaved, acquitted and discharged, or otherwise upon reasonably requested serve and kept harmless of and from all manner of form and other fee-form, granted, bargained, sales, charges and encumbrances whatsoever except afore said had made committed suffered, or loaned or hereafter to be had made, committed, suffered, or loaned by himself the same concerns his heirs, or assigns, or by any other person, or persons lawful fulln [?unreadable] clayminge by from or under him the same executors, his heirs, or assigns or any of them or otherwise by his or their or any of them [absent], [present], or procu.en …the said Peter BRADSHAW1 and Francis BRADSHAW1 and either of them have, and hath and cy…..tnted and in them.., and either of them named, names ffidd8 and ffidded8 jointly or severally …..indell there and either of there tun.. and lawful …. Jointly and severally by them, and either to be bargained, or sold, to the said Raphe GEE2, and his heirs as aforesaid, or unto any part [or parcel] into the said premises, formerly in, or be these presented, bargained and sold, or meant or intended of the whole, or of any part or parcel thereof to take and possession and seisin [to take possession of by legal process] thereof or of any part thereof or parcel thereof in name of the whole and possession and season thereof or and part thereof in name, or ffidde8 jointly, or severally to give, and deliver unto the said Raphe GEE2 or to his cr.. contained [retained?] attorney in writing in that behalf TO Have and to hold to the same Raphe GEE2His heirs and assigns forever according to the true intent and meaning of these present ratifying, and by these present confirming all and whatsoever their said attorneys or bothof them shall do, or cause to be done in or concerning the premises AND whereas thereby certain houses, cottages, buildings, now rented, standing and being in and upon the said herbageCalled Mainstonefield alias [Chinley] and dyners, closses9, and plels of land thereunto belonging or thereunto used or occupied as thereunto appertaining to the same houses, closses9, and plels of land and pfos [?unreadable] of the same herbage, and were heretofore built, upon and enclosed onto the same, and now are in the parcel, or other tenements or occupations of the said Francis BRADSHAW1or of his .ud.. Tenants, farmers or assigns, the said Raphe GEE2.. contented, and agreed, and for himself his heirs and assigns doth account and grant to and with the said Francis BRADSHAW1 his heirs and assigns by these present that he the same Francis BRADSHAW1 and assigns shall or may forever hereafter peaceably and quietly have possessed, and enjoyed the same buildings, lofts and enclosures land and without any manner of loss, claim, or [?redemption] of the said Raphe GEE2 his heirs or assigns and that the same Raphe GEE2 his heirs and assigns shall and will in lieu and recompense of such part of buildings, closses9, and …. Land as doth or mighty belong unto him or them before certain of these present, letrutented [?unreadable] to accept of as.. .h as the same doth or shall amount untoin and out of the residue of the said herbage, or ground called Mainstonefield also Chinley AND HAD finally it is agreed be… the said parts and the said Raphe GEE2 for him self his heirs and assignsdoth commit, and grant to and with the said Peter BRADSHAW1 and Francis BRADSHAW1 their heirs and assigns by these present that he the said Raphe GEE2 his heirs and assigns shall and will well and truly satisfyand pay, or cause to be paid satisfied, the said yearly rent of four shillings five pence formerly reserved in, or by these present in manner and form aforesaid and according to the tenor ……….[unreadable]
Peter BRADSHAW1 Raphe GEE2 Francis BRADSHAW1
Sealed and joined in the presence of:
Geo SAYE (SAVE) [?SAVAGE]
We ` that full and peaceable possession and seisin [to take possession of by legal process] was taken and delivered the nine and twentieth day of October in the year first within written at a ……. place commonly called LyLee and by the delivery of a clodd in the name of all the land and premises with the appurtenances within specified by John WILSON and of the attorneys within mentioned to the written named Raphe GEE2according to the tenor and effect the written specified promises in the presence of :
- BRADSHAW OR BRADSHAWE: Peter BRADSHAW, gentleman, the expelled tenant of the herbage of Maynsetonfield or Chinleis (now forming a considerable portion of the large Township of Chinley, Bugsworth and Brownside in the parish of Glossop) was the uncle or very near kinsman of the famous John Bradshaw (President of the court who signed the warrant to behead King Charles the first). John’s father, Henry Bradhaw, was the younger brother of Peter. Francis BRADSHAW was either a brother or a cousin to John and a nephew to Peter aforementioned and who resided at Bradshaw Hall. (Page 147 – Reliquary Volume 2 by Jewitt).
1610- July 2. Petition from Sir Peter BRADSHAW and others to Salisbury concerning the stay in assigning an extended lease of their farm in Chinley alias Maynestonfield, County of Derby, which they purchased.
2.Raphe GEE – Ralph GEE of Lydgate born circa 1590 and died after 1636 was the second “GEE” owner of Lydgate farm in Peak Forest, Derbyshire.
3. Some-feorth or four-feorth or eight-feorth is an old English measurement, measuring in ¼’s. Fourescorth” [an archaic word for 80] and eightscorth [an archaic word for 160].
4. Maynestonfield a.k.a Mainstonefield: The old corn mill at Chapel Milton is not in the parish of Chapel-en-le-Frith but in the Township of Chinley. In most documents from the Middle Ages on downwards this township is spoken of as “Mainstonefield or Mainstonefield alias Chinley”, the latter being the usual designation and the spelling of both names having numerous variations. Maynestonfield Mill was an ancient mill owned by the King of England dating back as far as 1452 (court rolls of II Edward IV). The mill was in Chinley separated only by Hockholme Brook from Chapel-en-le-Frith, whose location was obviously needed for the water supply and was easily accessed by the communities of Chinley, Brownside, Bugsworth, Bowden Edge and Bradshaw Edge. The rents received from the Fermors (as the lessees of the various mills are called) are returned year by year in the Duchy accounts. In 1405, Walter Kyrke paid ∫2 13s. 4d. for Maynestone Mill. He was succeeded by the Bradshaws, Halleys, Leghs and John Lingard. (William Braylesford Bunting Book – pages 282-292).
5. BADBYE AND WELDTEN: By a grant of King James the First, in that year (1622)……in consideration of the sum of 1476 pounds paid to him by his loveing subjects, Edward Badbye and William Weltden, of London, gentlemen, of his Majesty’s special grace and free will and at the special nomination, request, instance, and appunctuation of his beloved and faithful kinsman and counselor George, Duke of Buckingham, High Admiral of England, gave and granted to Edward Badbye and William Weltden, their heirs and assigns forever: All that our herbage and those our lands called Maynestonfield, otherwise Chinleis, otherwise Chynleys, in the High Peak, in the aforesaid County of Derby, and all the soil and ground called Maynestonfield, otherwise Chinleis, otherwise Chynlies; and all and every the cottages built thereon, with all and every of their particulars, now or lately in the tenure or occupation of Peter BRADSHAW, gentleman or his assigns, which said premises last mentioned, did for the particulars thereby mentioned, yearly pay or were of the value of twelve pounds. (Page 146, Reliquary, Volume 2, by Jewitt).
6. Socage is the Feudal tenure of land by a tenant in return for agricultural or other non-military services or for payment of rent in money.
7. Capite: In old English Law, a capite (from Latin caput) was a tenure abolished by Act 12, Charles II, xxiv (Tenures Abolition Act 1660) by which either person or land was held immediately of the King or of his crown, either by Knight Service or by socage. A holder of a capite is termed “Tenant-in-chief”.
8. Ffidd or ffidded: Old English law term binding together as either/or; combined.
9. Closse (Close) of land is an old English term for an estate.
10. 1622 4th February Robert Carrington of Chinley Houses married Joan daughter Robert Bagshaw, late of Dalehead.