FARMS – – The colonization of the ancient parish of Chapel-en-le-Frith led to the land being held by a large number of owners rather than, as usual in most places of the times, being in the hands or one or two great owners. In the 1400’s and 1500’s a considerable portion of the then enclosed land, both in Chapel and Glossop, belonged to the Legh (Leigh) family.
Lightbirch (Ligght Burche) was purchased from John Bradshaw in the latter half of the fifteenth century by Reginald Legh. It appears the Legh’s inherited the rest of their holdings (farms) such as Blackbrook, New Close, Slackhall, Bowden Hede (Head), Malcalf, Shireoaks, Bowden Washe, Bowden Lane, Whitehough, Lydgate, Ligght Burche, Alston Lee, Roeside, Silkhill, and others through a series of marriages, down to 1561.
What type of farming did the occupants of Lydgate farm engage in? In the early days 1200 – 1600, corn was one of the main staples grown. Travel over the rough trails of the surrounding hills made it impossible to take the corn any distance for grinding, so it became necessary to erect “mills” to grind the corn and later, other grains. Water was a necessity for the grinding of corn, so a mill was erected near a stream called Hockholme Brook. The first one was erected at “Mainstonefield” alias Chinley. This name for Chinley was used in most documents from the medieval times onward to the mid 1800’s. It is noticeable in many of the wills following. The occupiers of the lands, whether they be tenants or freeholders were obligated to take their corn to the designated mill so that the Lord of the Manor could extract his dues, usually by way of a percentage of his ground corn. Then later another one was erected a few miles away and this one came to be called the new mill. Thus arose the name of the town “New Mills.”
In 1605 and subsequent years, a number of conveyances (an instrument by which the title of a property is transferred) of properties at the places before named in Chapel and Glossop were made by Mr. Thomas Bagshawe of Ridge Hall, in most cases, to the sitting tenants.
The Lightbirch Farm and the Silkhill Farm were conveyed to Myles Bennett in 1608.
Tradition was that the oldest son inherited the estate holdings, its resources and debts along with most of the chattels. The second son inherited some money, but was usually persuaded to join the clergy. The third might have serve in the military or at sea. Younger teenage sons were frequently apprenticed to a particular trade or joined in an overseas merchant venture. Still younger boys, such as my great-grand father Arthur who wrote in his “Iron Horse” story sometimes were apprenticed to relatives or a close friend. He was eleven when he was apprenticed.
~LYDGATE FARM: LYDGATE GEES~
LYDGATE FARM is located near Chapel, Eyam and Chinley. Today, in 2010, the farm is an operating Bed and Breakfast.
1471: From prior 1471 to 1608, Lydgate was part of the Legh Estates.
1480: – “At an Inquisition post-mortem in 22 Elizabeth, on the death of Robert LEIGH, the jury found that in 1480 Reginald LEE was seised of the Manor of Blackbrook, New Close, Slackhall, Bowden Head, Malcalf, Shireoaks, Bowden Washe, Bowden Lane, Whitehough, LYDGATE, Light Birch and other properties in other parishes…………..” This is one of the first mentions of Lydgate Farm that I have found. Robert GEE was not then a tenant, however, MARCHINGTON was.
1519: – 17th April 1519 power of Attorney by Godfrey Foliambe of Walton, county Derby, Esquire, Roger Foliambe of Linacre Hall, county Derby, Esquire, and George Savage, of county Derby, clerk to Nicholas Bagschawe of Chapel en le Frith, and Robert Gee and Walter Marchington of Lidgate, in the same parish, yeoman, to receive seisin of lands of Henry Bradschawe of Bradshaw in Bowden.”(Note 1, Wholley Charters). This is a letter of Attorney to legally deliver possession of Henry Bradshaw’s lands to the above three individuals, one of them being ROBERT GEE. The Gees were tenants of Lydgate Farm. Robert Gee, a member of an old family living in Glossop parish, and Walter Marchington were tenants of Lydgate in 1519. He is probably a grandfather or great grandfather to Thomas Gee (the Thomas Gee of 1608).
1549: – Will of Robotham, Robert (Ref 7-129) mentions his godchild Robert GEE.
1565: – I next find a reference to a JOHN GEE on a grant dated 12th April 1565. A Robert Eyre gives a grant to Godfrey Bradshawe upon his “ward ship” which is the right to the custody of someone, in this case Ann Stafford, whom he is about to marry. Simply put, she was a chattel that came along with some property, on which John GEE had a tenure (similar to a lease) for 19 years. (Note 11, Wolley charters).
1573: – Will of STAFFORD, Robert of Mellor (Ref11-192) mentions William GEE.
1573: – Will of William ROBOTHAM of Ludworth lists William ANDREW and John GEE (deceased) as debtors to his estate.
1587: – In November 1587, Henry GEE was included in the muster in Middleton & Crumforte along with 400 men. They were trained in 1588. Henry was trained to use a cor’b. A cor’b is a corslet and bill, which is an axe-blade of iron, sometimes hooked or curved, at the end of a long staff. The muster for Wirksworth Hundred was trained in anticipation of the Spanish Invasion. (Taken from the Wirksworth Parish Records 1600-1900).
1589: – The will of HADFIELD, William of Hayfield, wife Elen, James GEE de Bendfilde, is listed as a Debtor to the Testator.
1601: – Will of WARRINGTON, Richard, Shearman of Thornsett, 1601. wife Ellen, …………. A Thomas GEE was a witness.
1602: – Will of WARRINGTON, William, husbandman of Kinder Bank, 1602 …….. Thomas GEE of the Overlee was listed as a debtor.
1605: – Another document form the Wolley Charters is dated July 1st, 1605. This is a sale document, whereby a cottage, 5 tenements and 9 acres of land, with houses, barns, structures, orchards, gardens, tofts, crofts, woods, and undergrowth situated in the vill (village) and fields of Wirksworth. HENRY GEE endorsed and witnessed this document. What his relationship is to anything or anyone in this document is not clear. Is this the Henry in the poem? Or is this Henry a brother to the Lydgate Gees?
1605: – PLAGUE
1606: – THOMAS GEE, who was the current tenant of Lydgate Farm, presented a rector of Taxal in right of a grant made to him by Thomas Down. This arm of the Gees remained at Lydgate until 1750, when they sold the property to the Needham family of Rushop. The Gees of Lydgate were firm supporters of Chinley Chapel . (See Aunt Hetty’s notes.)
1606: – 20th July a conveyance by bargain and sale and feoffment (is the granting of land) was made between: 1. Thomas Bradshaw of the Ridge Gentleman and 2. Thomas Gee of Lydgate Yeoman for £80 paid and £237 15s 101/2 d to be paid in specified installments; the premises conveyed were: messuages called Lydgate and lands belonging in tenure of Gee, messuages called the Kylkhill [Silkhill] and lands belonging in tenure of John Bennett the younger, in parishes of Chapel and Glossop (with reference to Henry Leighe Esquire former owner of the premises), on condition that the premises revert to Bagshawe on default of payment. Endorsed 1 (Bradshaw endorsed this conveyance). On the 30th August 1606 and then again on the 30th August 1607, quittances (release of a debt) were given from Thomas Bradshaw to Thomas Gee for payments of installments of purchase.
1608: – Thomas GEE purchased the Lydgate and Silkhill Farms from Thomas Bagshaw, but in the same year, the Silkhill farm passed to the Bennett’s and eventually to the Buckley’s. In 1912 on the sale of the Buckley Estates, John Thomas GEE of the Ashes Farm, purchased the Silkhill Farm and as of January, 1949 is in the hands of two grandsons. (Page 2 Aunt Hetty’s notes.)
1614: – December 13th, 1614 ELIZABETH GEE married Ralph WOOD at St. Mary’s Parish Church in Disley.
1614: – A very interesting paper of the seventeenth century came from the papers of the Reverend John Lingard, who was Vicar of Edale in the latter part of the eighteenth century. The first one is a list of Tithe payers in 1614, seven years before the commencement of the parish registers. They are perhaps more interesting for the names of the payers than the amounts. The amounts correspond closely with the fixed sum in respect of the Great Tithes of Corn and Hay.
Tithe, or a tenth part of anything, but especially that of profit and stock of parishioners, was due, under canon law to the Church of England, for his support. The tithe system was first recorded in England in AD 747. Throughout the middle ages, every parishioner of a tithable parish was expected to contribute one tenth of his crop, animal produce and other trade products, to the rector of the parish. The parish priest stored the tithes in his tithe barn.
There were two tithes: great tithes and small tithes.
In the 17th century, the nonconformist sects (Methodists, Quakers, Unitarians, Baptists, Presbyterians), as they were considered to be at the time, resented paying tithes to the Church of England. Whether you are secular or not, under this system, our ancient ancestors and thusly ourselves, are descendants of religious sects.
Under the “Tythe Corne and Hay” for Bradshaw Edge, 43 persons were charged a tithe, one of them being Raphe GEE, paying 3-4.
Under the “Tythe Corne and Hay” for Combes (Edge) 33 persons, were charged a tithe, one of them being Henry GEE, paying 2.
Under the “Tythe Corne and Hay” for Bowden Edge, 45 persons were charged a tithe, one of them being Mr. Shallcross, paying 10-8.
1620: – the earliest registers for Parish Church of St. Thomas A Beckett began on December 3rd, 1620.
1622: – Ralph GEE (possibly a son to Thomas Gee) was listed as a church warden of the Parish Church of St. Thomas A Beckett.
1624: – Indenture for Ralph GEE of Lydgate – 2nd October 1624
Purchase Mainstone Field:
This indenture made the second day of October in the years of the reign of our Sovereign Lord James [James I 1603-1625] by the grace of god of England, France and Ireland; King, defender of the faith etc., the two and twenty and of Scotland the eight and fifty; Between Peter BRADSHAW1 the elder of London gentleman and Francis BRADSHAW1of Bradshaw [of Bradshaw Hall] in the County of Derby … of the one part and Raphe GEE2 of the Lidgate in the said County of Derby yeoman of the other part; Witnesseth that the said Peter BRADSHAW1 and Frances BRADSHAW1 for diverse good causes them moninge [sorrow – lament], and especially for and in consideration of the sum of nine pounds of lawful English money to them or to the one of them by the said Raphe GEE2 before-hand well and timely paid, and satisfied before the sealing of these present the receipt whereof they the said Peter and Francis BRADSHAW1 do confirm and acknowledge by these present HAVEgranted, aligned, bargained and sold and by these present do grant, align, bargain, and sell unto the said Raphe GEE2his heirs and assigns forever the some-feorth3 part and also the eight-feorth3 part of all that herbage and of all those called Mainstonefield4 also Chinlayes [the old word for Chinley], otherwise called Chinlayse [another old word for Chinley] in the High Peak in the said County of Derby, and the some-feorth3 part and also the eight-feorth3 part of all that soil and ground called Mainstonefield4 also [Chinley] and the four-feorth3 part also the eight-feorth3 part of all and singular cottages there upon built with all and singular their and every of their appurtenances … the some-feorth3 part and also the eight-feorth3 part of all and singular messuages, mills, houses, edifices, buildings, barns, stables, land houses, orchards, gardens, land, tenements, meadows, Leases, pastures, commons, demesne lands, fures [bogs] hoathes, moors, marshes, mosses, ways, waters, fishing’s, wood, underwood, and trees, and the some-feorth3 part and also the eight-feorth3 part of all the land, ground, and soil of the same woods, under-woods, and trees mines, quarries, rents, remitting’s, and services, fee-farms, amenities, customs, rights, jurisdictions, franchises, liberties, privileges, with all their appurtenances of what kind nature, or quality so ever, or by what name or names so ever they be known, atoned, named or accounted, situated, lying, coming, [crossing], or enewing [?unreadable] within the County Town field plates, parishes, hamlet, or herbage and soil aforesaid or in or within and of there or ….. ….. So ever to the … fee aforesaid ……………….. parcel thereof by and means belonging, appertaining, appending, or as member part Or parcel of the same premises now or at any time hereafter had known attested occupied used or being and water mill called Mainstonefield Mill4, in the County of Derby aforesaid being excepted and astoge [unreadable?] there reserved and the remitting’s and remittance whatsoever of all and singular the premises formerly herein, or hereby bargained and sold or mentioned or agreed to be bargained or sold in or by these present, and of every part, and parcel part thereof depending or expectant of in or upon and demise, or grant demises, or grant for term, or terms of leases, liens, or years or otherwise of the premises heretofore made of record, or not of record, and also the four-feorth3 part and also the eight-feorth3 part of all and singular rent, and other yearly profits whatsoever reserved upon whatsoever demises, or grant of in or upon the premises and every part thereof made of record, or not of record and the four-feorth3 part and also the eight-feorth3 part of all the rent, and yearly profit, issuing or growing of in or out of all and every the premises, as fully, fu..lie and wholly, and in as large and ample manor and form as our said sovereign Lord the King his most excellent majesty by his … patent as well under the great seal of England, as under the seal of his County Palatine of Lanc[aster], and Seal of his [Derby] of Land bearing date at mestm [?unreadable] the ninth day of January in the one and twentieth year of his Majesties reign of England, France, Ireland and in the season and fiftieth year of his Highness reign of Scotland, did give, grant bargain, and sell all and singular the premises amongst other things unto said Edward BADBYE5 and William WELTDEN5 their heirs and assigns in fee-form for ever, as … some … patent now fully may appear, and in as large and ample manor and form as the same Edward BADBYE5 and William WELTDEN5 by their Indenture, or deed Indented bearing date the three, and twenty day of February in the one and twentieth year of his said Majesties reign of England, France and Ireland and in the said season and fifty year of his Highness’ reign of Scotland did bargain, give, grant, convey and assign the premises or any part thereof, unto the said Peter BRADSAW1and Francis BRADSHAW1 and to their heirs and assigns of the said Peter BRADSHAW1, or to any of them all and every the said four-feorth3 part and also eight-feorth3 part of all and singular the before mentioned part formerly in or by these presents by the said Peter BRADSHAW1 and Francis BRADSHAW1 bargained and sold, or meant, or agreed to be granted, or affirmed to the said Raphe GEE2 and his heirs as aforesaid is or heretofore hath been called or known by the name of these quarters of one neighbor ship To have hold and enjoy the said four-feorth3 part and also the eight-feorth3 part of the said herbage and land called Mainstonefield also [Chinley] and the said four-feorth3 part and also the said eight-feorth3 part of all and singular other the premises except before and all and every other the premises in or by these presents bargained, granted or sold and meant, mentioned, or agreed to ….., or hereby granted, bargained, or sold unto the said Raphe GEE2 and his heirs as aforesaid unto the same Raphe GEE2 his heirs and assigns forever to the only sole, and .. . and bequests of the same Raphe GEE2his heirs and assigns in fee-form for ever to be Holden of our said Sovereign Lord the King Majesty his Highness heirs and successors as of his honor at (Law) in the County of Lanc[aster] by fealty only in free and common socage6 and not in capite7 nor Knight service And Yielding therefore yearly to our said Sovereign Lord the King and his successors four shillings and five pence of Lawful English money the hand of the general race..…of our said Sovereign Lord the King his Highness’ heirs, or successors of his said ….[unreadable] of Law or to his deputy, for the time being, or to the hands of the p’tirn late receiver of the same premises or to his deputy for the time being at the Feast of the Annunciation of Blessed Marie the Virgin, and St Michael the arch angel by equal portions yearly to be paid for ever for all other rent, services, and demands whatsoever for the same, to our said Sovereign Lord the King his heirs or successors for the promises granted by these present done AND the said Peter BRADSHAW1and his heirs all and every the premises above expressed and …. fiel [?unreadable], and by these present bargained and sold with all and every their appurtenances except before excepted unto the said Raphe GEE2his heirs and assigns to the sole purpose and bequests of the same Raphe GEE2 his heirs and assigns against him the said Peter BRADSHAW1 his heirs and assigns shall and will warrant, and forever de..(unreadable) of and by these present AND the said Francis BRADSHAW1 and his heirs all and every the said premises formerly in or by these present bargained or sold except before excepted, unto the said Raphe GEE2 his heirs, and assigns to the sole and proper use and bequest of the same Raphe GEE his heirs and assigns against the said Francis BRADSHAW1 and his heirs shall and will warrant and forever de..te [?unreadable] AND either of the said Peter BRADSHAW1 and Francis BRADSHAW1 doth severally and respectively for himself his heirs, executors and administrators, and not otherwise covenant and grant to and with the said Raphe GEE2 his heirs and assigns by these present, that here the same Raphe GEE2 his heirs and assigns shall or may fore ever hereafter peaceably, and quietly have, hold, possess, and enjoy all and every the premises formerly in or by these present to him the same Raphe GEE2 and his heirs bargained and sold, cleave and cleaved, acquitted and discharged, or otherwise upon reasonably requested serve and kept harmless of and from all manner of form and other fee-form, granted, bargained, sales, charges and encumbrances whatsoever except afore said had made committed suffered, or loaned or hereafter to be had made, committed, suffered, or loaned by himself the same concerns his heirs, or assigns, or by any other person, or persons lawful fulln [?unreadable] clayminge by from or under him the same executors, his heirs, or assigns or any of them or otherwise by his or their or any of them [absent], [present], or procu.en …the said Peter BRADSHAW1 and Francis BRADSHAW1 and either of them have, and hath and cy…..tnted and in them.., and either of them named, names ffidd8 and ffidded8 jointly or severally …..indell there and either of there tun.. and lawful …. Jointly and severally by them, and either to be bargained, or sold, to the said Raphe GEE2, and his heirs as aforesaid, or unto any part [or parcel] into the said premises, formerly in, or be these presented, bargained and sold, or meant or intended of the whole, or of any part or parcel thereof to take and possession and seisin [to take possession of by legal process] thereof or of any part thereof or parcel thereof in name of the whole and possession and season thereof or and part thereof in name, or ffidde8 jointly, or severally to give, and deliver unto the said Raphe GEE2 or to his cr.. contained [retained?] attorney in writing in that behalf TO Have and to hold to the same Raphe GEE2His heirs and assigns forever according to the true intent and meaning of these present ratifying, and by these present confirming all and whatsoever their said attorneys or bothof them shall do, or cause to be done in or concerning the premises AND whereas thereby certain houses, cottages, buildings, now rented, standing and being in and upon the said herbageCalled Mainstonefield alias [Chinley] and dyners, closses9, and plels of land thereunto belonging or thereunto used or occupied as thereunto appertaining to the same houses, closses9, and plels of land and pfos [?unreadable] of the same herbage, and were heretofore built, upon and enclosed onto the same, and now are in the parcel, or other tenements or occupations of the said Francis BRADSHAW1or of his .ud.. Tenants, farmers or assigns, the said Raphe GEE2.. contented, and agreed, and for himself his heirs and assigns doth account and grant to and with the said Francis BRADSHAW1 his heirs and assigns by these present that he the same Francis BRADSHAW1 and assigns shall or may forever hereafter peaceably and quietly have possessed, and enjoyed the same buildings, lofts and enclosures land and without any manner of loss, claim, or [?redemption] of the said Raphe GEE2 his heirs or assigns and that the same Raphe GEE2 his heirs and assigns shall and will in lieu and recompense of such part of buildings, closses9, and …. Land as doth or mighty belong unto him or them before certain of these present, letrutented [?unreadable] to accept of as.. .h as the same doth or shall amount untoin and out of the residue of the said herbage, or ground called Mainstonefield also Chinley AND HAD finally it is agreed be… the said parts and the said Raphe GEE2 for him self his heirs and assignsdoth commit, and grant to and with the said Peter BRADSHAW1 and Francis BRADSHAW1 their heirs and assigns by these present that he the said Raphe GEE2 his heirs and assigns shall and will well and truly satisfyand pay, or cause to be paid satisfied, the said yearly rent of four shillings five pence formerly reserved in, or by these present in manner and form aforesaid and according to the tenor ……….[unreadable]
Peter BRADSHAW1 Raphe GEE2 Francis BRADSHAW1
Sealed and joined in the presence of:
Geo SAYE (SAVE) [?SAVAGE]
We ` that full and peaceable possession and seisin [to take possession of by legal process] was taken and delivered the nine and twentieth day of October in the year first within written at a ……. place commonly called LyLee and by the delivery of a clodd in the name of all the land and premises with the appurtenances within specified by John WILSON and of the attorneys within mentioned to the written named Raphe GEE2according to the tenor and effect the written specified promises in the presence of :
- BRADSHAW OR BRADSHAWE: Peter BRADSHAW, gentleman, the expelled tenant of the herbage of Maynsetonfield or Chinleis (now forming a considerable portion of the large Township of Chinley, Bugsworth and Brownside in the parish of Glossop) was the uncle or very near kinsman of the famous John Bradshaw (President of the court who signed the warrant to behead King Charles the first). John’s father, Henry Bradhaw, was the younger brother of Peter. Francis BRADSHAW was either a brother or a cousin to John and a nephew to Peter aforementioned and who resided at Bradshaw Hall. (Page 147 – Reliquary Volume 2 by Jewitt).
1610- July 2. Petition from Sir Peter BRADSHAW and others to Salisbury concerning the stay in assigning an extended lease of their farm in Chinley alias Maynestonfield, County of Derby, which they purchased.
- Raphe GEE – Ralph GEE of Lydgate born circa 1590 and died after 1636 was the second “GEE” owner of Lydgate farm in Peak Forest, Derbyshire.
- Some-feorth or four-feorth or eight-feorth is an old English measurement, measuring in ¼’s. Fourescorth” [an archaic word for 80] and eightscorth [an archaic word for 160].
- Maynestonfield a.k.a Mainstonefield: The old corn mill at Chapel Milton is not in the parish of Chapel-en-le-Frith but in the Township of Chinley. In most documents from the Middle Ages on downwards this township is spoken of as “Mainstonefield or Mainstonefield alias Chinley”, the latter being the usual designation and the spelling of both names having numerous variations. Maynestonfield Mill was an ancient mill owned by the King of England dating back as far as 1452 (court rolls of II Edward IV). The mill was in Chinley separated only by Hockholme Brook from Chapel-en-le-Frith, whose location was obviously needed for the water supply and was easily accessed by the communities of Chinley, Brownside, Bugsworth, Bowden Edge and Bradshaw Edge. The rents received from the Fermors (as the lessees of the various mills are called) are returned year by year in the Duchy accounts. In 1405, Walter Kyrke paid ∫2 13s. 4d. for Maynestone Mill. He was succeeded by the Bradshaws, Halleys, Leghs and John Lingard. (William Braylesford Bunting Book – pages 282-292).
- BADBYE AND WELDTEN: By a grant of King James the First, in that year (1622)……in consideration of the sum of 1476 pounds paid to him by his loveing subjects, Edward Badbye and William Weltden, of London, gentlemen, of his Majesty’s special grace and free will and at the special nomination, request, instance, and appunctuation of his beloved and faithful kinsman and counselor George, Duke of Buckingham, High Admiral of England, gave and granted to Edward Badbye and William Weltden, their heirs and assigns forever: All that our herbage and those our lands called Maynestonfield, otherwise Chinleis, otherwise Chynleys, in the High Peak, in the aforesaid County of Derby, and all the soil and ground called Maynestonfield, otherwise Chinleis, otherwise Chynlies; and all and every the cottages built thereon, with all and every of their particulars, now or lately in the tenure or occupation of Peter BRADSHAW, gentleman or his assigns, which said premises last mentioned, did for the particulars thereby mentioned, yearly pay or were of the value of twelve pounds. (Page 146, Reliquary, Volume 2, by Jewitt).
- Socage is the Feudal tenure of land by a tenant in return for agricultural or other non-military services or for payment of rent in money.
- Capite: In old English Law, a capite (from Latin caput) was a tenure abolished by Act 12, Charles II, xxiv (Tenures Abolition Act 1660) by which either person or land was held immediately of the King or of his crown, either by Knight Service or by socage. A holder of a capite is termed “Tenant-in-chief”.
- Ffidd or ffidded: Old English law term binding together as either/or; combined.
- Closse (Close) of land is an old English term for an estate.
- 1622 4th February Robert Carrington of Chinley Houses married Joan daughter Robert Bagshaw, late of Dalehead.
1625: – a rental of the Kings Rents for the High Peak District in the right of his Dutchie Of Lancaster Chapel-en-le-Frith parish people who paid the king rents for lands rented by the Crown. At Bradshaw Edge (the Earl of Devonshire of Hall Hill) it is recorded that a Thomas GEE paid four shillings five pence. (Source Marchington Journals).
1630: – On the 27th September 1630, a conveyance was made by bargain and sale between: 1. Ralph GEE of Lydgate Yeoman and: 2. Thomas COTTERLL of Kinder Yeoman for £10 paid and £20 to be paid in specified installments for premises conveyed: eightscorth (160) part of premises as above on condition that the premises revert to Gee if Cottrell defaults on installments. Endorsed No 6. Ralph GEE endorses this sale. Ralph GEE sold one of the lands in Chinley that he purchased from Francis Bradshaw in 1628.
Ralph paid £4 for the 160 [acres], then sold it 2 years later for £30. Not a bad investment. He more than septupled his investment in 2 years. Land speculation was apparently lucrative in 1630.
1633: – A List of The VILLS (a division of a hundred: township) and Freeholders of Derbyshire 1633. Taken off Cindi’s site.
Freeholders, or free tenants were those who held portions of the demesne (legal possession of land as one’s own lands,) as opposed to land held in villenage (tenure at the will of a feudal lord ).
Slackhall. – Johannes Lingard,
Forde. – Nicholaus Creswell,
Lidiate. – Radulphus Gee. Notice the spelling of Lydgate.
Martillside. – Arnoldus Kirke.
Lane side. – Tholllas Bodon.
Shalcrose. – Johannes Shalcrosse,
Ridge. – Thomas Bagshawe,
Marshe. – Nicholaus Browne.
1636: – A lease document from the Wolley Charters, xii.59 for 80 years was made from George Bradshawe Esquire of Eyam to RALPH GEE of Lidgate, Yeoman. It was five acres of herbage (green space) called Main Stoufield in Chinley. The annual rent was 50 shillings and one Capon at Easter. What was a Capon in 17th century England? Well, it was a castrated male chicken. Interesting. [Sometimes Peppercorns were used as payment.]
1640-1660: – The English Revolution – civil war.
1641: – I found an interesting document listing the seat holders for St Thomas Becket Church for 1641 and it shows the amount they pay yearly. The GEES listed here would still be the Lydgate GEES It shows two RALPH GEES, one with a seat somewhere in the church and the second Ralph GEE with his seat behind the pulpit for 1641.
1641: – The Ashes GEES became a new arm of the Lydgate GEES with the new purchase of the Ashes Farm by Ralph GEE.
1645-1646: – February, Robert Gee M.A., (probably another son of Thomas Gee), was Vicar of the Parish Church of St. Thomas A Beckett. He resigned in November of 1648 and became Vicar of St. Peters in Derby. He returned in December of 1651 and died in April of 1652. He was buried in the Chancel May 1, 1652.
1646: – July 1646, Reverend Robert Gee nominated Henry Bagshawe for Parish clerk.
1646: – July 7th, Francis Gee of Lydgate (who was soon to own Roeside) married Dorothy Tunstead of Stodhart (his first wife.)
1646-1648: – The earliest registers for Parish Church of St. Thomas A Beckett began on December 3rd, 1620. Some of the entries are in Latin in a cramped hand, which appears to be the hand of Reverend Robert GEE. Gee is amongst the early names that appear in the Parish registers.
1649: – Henry GEE was listed as a “Late Copyholder” in Wirksworth Manor. Rent was 2s. 6d. What is a copy holder? Copyhold is tenure of lands being parcel of a manor, ‘at the will of the lord according to the custom of the manor’, by copy of the manorial court roll.
Unlike freeholders, a copyholder could not just transfer his land to his heirs or a third party. If for example he died, his death would be entered in the manor court rolls. His heir(s) had to be present to the manor court to seek admission as the new tenant and pay a sum of money known as a fine or relief. The admission was also noted in the court rolls. Similarly if a copyhold tenant wished to transfer his land to a third party, the surrender took place in court and was recorded with the admission of the new tenant. The new tenant was given a copy of the court roll entry to prove his title to the land. Hence “Copyhold”.
Henry GEE was listed as “late copyholder.” Does that mean that he has possibly deceased?
1650: – 29 January 1650 the Will of William OLIVER of Chinley he gives to “my loveing friend” Francis GEE of Chinley three pounds. He then nominates Francis GEE to be one of his executors.
1650 – Roeside Farm by deed passed to Francis GEE, hereinafter called Francis Gee of Roeside.
1653: – Another interesting document from the Wolley Charters xii.92, dated January 20, 1653. This document is a Marriage Settlement being made by way of a Grant. Francis Bradshawe is about to marry Elizabeth Vescie. Again it appears that Elizabeth is chattel that instead of dower, she comes along with several pieces of land, possibly from her deceased father. One of those pieces of land is in Chinley whereby a ROBERT GEE is holding a tenure (a form of lease).
1661: – Anne GEE of Hayfield married John Lowe of Cockyard on 14th September 1661. Her father was listed as Thomas GEE.
1662: – September 22nd, “I am contented ye a seat be set upp in ye Chappell Church within St. Nicholas Quyre in ye place adjoynes to Ralph Gee’s seat and belongs to Bings Farm and that Francis GEE of Roeside and his wife Dorothy shall enjoy ye same during theire two lives paying all church dues which belongs for ye seat to pay. Nics.Bowde (Nicholas Bowden).”
The first Act imposing “Hearth Money” was in 1662. Exempted hearths were mainly in those houses worth less than £1 p.a yearly value, or their occupiers were almsmen, or paid no Church or Poor rate. The tax was 2/- on each hearth [fireplace]. From 1663 all hearths were to be included in the returns, exempted or not. Most charitable institutions such as hospitals and almshouses, were exempt as were industrial hearths [except blacksmiths’ forges and bakers’ ovens]. There were several revisions to the tax rules, it was abolished in 1689. Its relevance to family historians lies in those Hearth Tax records that have survived and are available at county Records Offices and/or the PRO. These show names of families occupying the listed houses at that time.
1662: – Robert GEE of Chinley was assessed (1) hearth for the hearth tax of 1662.
1662: – Thomas GEE of Great Hamblet? was assessed (3) hearths for the hearth tax of 1662.
1666: – May 24th, Thomas GEE of Lydgate married Joan Kirke of Martinside.
1666: – August 15th, Thomas GEE of the parish of Chapel-en-le-Frith married Jane Brearley same parish.
~ 1668 : – WILL OF THOMAS MOULT – 22 July 1668~
~ Thomas MOULT of Naze in Chinley~
IN THE NAME OF GOD amen the Nynteenth day of June in the yeare of our Lord god one Thousand Sixe hundred and Sixty and Sixe I Thomas MOULTof under Chinley Naze in the parish of Glossop in the county of Derby yeoman aged and weake in body but perfect in mynd and memory THANKS BE given to almighty God therefore yet knowing and considering the certaynty of death but the time and hour THOUGH TO be most uncdertayne doe ordayne constitite & make this my last will and testament in manner and form followinge ffIRST I commit my soule to Almighty God mu creator & Jesus Chirst my redeemer by whose meritts I trust he give eternal life & MY BODY to buried in the parish Church of Chapel-en-le-Frith in the said county in or as noww [sic] as conveniently may bee [sic] the buriel plase [sic] of my Ancestors AND AS CONCERNING my worldly estate I dispose of as followeth ffirst I GIVE and bequeath unto Barbara MOULT daughter of my son Thomas MOULT the sume [sic] of ten shillings of Curtt English money ITEM I GIVE and bequeath to my son Robert MOULT one meale arke standing in the old milk house , one bed sted wherein I now use to lye at [ ] and the sume of ten shillings of Curtt English money ITEM I GIVE and bequeath unto the third sone of the said Robert MOULT & to his daughter each of them the sume of twenty pounds of Curtt English money & IT IS MY will and mynd that the same shall be imployed & put forth for their use benifit & advantage within one year next after my decease at the sight & discretion of my executor hereinafter named of Nicholas BAGSHAWE & Greg MORTON during the tyme of their minorities & TO BE PAID unto them with such benefit & advantage as shall thereof be made & raise when they shall [ ] & accomplish the age of one & twenty yeares & THAT IF one of them soe happen to dy before the accomplishment of their severall ages then the survivor or survivors of them to have the parte and portions of them deceased ITEM I GIVE and bequeath to Thomas GEE & Anne [this part is probably unreadable but this Anne is Anne Lowe] son and daughter of Thomas GEE taylor of LYDGATE [ ] the sum of ten shillings ITEM I GIVE and bequeath to my two daughters Elizabeth BOWDEN & Bridget WINTERBOTHOME the sum of ten shillings a peece & to Mary CARRINGTON Elizabeth CARRINGTON & Grace CARRINGTON daughters of William CARRINGTON late of Chynley House deceased [ ] sume of [ ] shillings a peece ITEM I LEAVE as hene loomes in the messuage house at Eccles [ nd] Gardner one table with the fframes standing in the said house a table in the lower parlor with the forme and fframes with some belongings one dyboard in the said house ITEM I GIVE and bequeath to Thomas GEE taylor of LYDGATE aforesaid to Thomas HARRISON & Robert HID [HYDE] son each of them the sume of twelve pence a peece ITEM AFTER that my debts legacies and funerall expenses be paid discharged and dedicated out of the whole THEN ALL THE rest of my goods cattells & chattels whatsoever un-bequeathed I give and bequeath to John MOULT my son ITEM I ORDAYNE constitute & make this said John MOULT my sole executor of this my last will and testament HOPEING THAT he will perform the same according to the trust in him reposed & the true meaninge thereof AND DO HEREBY revoke anull refuse disclayme & make voide and frustrate all former & other wills and testaments gifts bequeaths & legacies whatsoever by mee heretofore made given willed or acquired.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF I the said Thomas MOULT hereto [ ] put my hand and seale the daie and yeare first above written.
SIGNED SEALED AND PUBLISHED acknowledged & consented unto in the presence of us
Robert LONGDEN, William HILL & Nicholas HEATHCOTT.
1670: – Thomas GEE (1) and Francis GEE (probably of Roeside) ( 2) were assessed hearths for the hearth tax of 1670.
1670: – Thomas GEE of Middlecales (Bowden Middlecale was the old name for Hayfield) was assessed (4) hearths for the hearth tax of 1670.
1670: – Thomas GEE Junior of Lydgate is listed as being a churchwarden of the Parish Church of St. Thomas A Beckett. Also for 1670, John Bennett of Silkhill is listed as a churchwarden.
1670: – Francis GEE of Roeside is listed as being a churchwarden of the Parish Church of St. Thomas A Beckett.
1674: – Francis GEE of Roeside married Elizabeth Marchanton [Marchington] his second wife on July 7th, 1674, died in 1679 without issue leaving no heir. His wife Elizabeth Gee remarried on February 2nd, 1680 at Chapel-en-le-Frith to an Edward Jaxson of Bakewell and Roeside Farm left the Marchington-Gee Family. Frances Gee devised his estate to his widow. Elizabeth Marchington was the illegitimate daughter of William Marchington. Due to Francis dying without children, his line died out. “Francis Gee of Roeside, by will, dated 1st October, 1670, gave to his wife Elizabeth, and her heirs, his land and housing at Roeside, in this parish, they paying there out yearly forever, 20 shillings to Thomas GEE, and two others, in trust, for charitable uses, to be disposed of on or before the 21st December, yearly.”
1679: – GEE, Francis: this entry taken from History and Gazetteer (Note 3) will dated 1st October 1679, rent charge, then under charities is the number 1, then poor of………… (is this Francis Gee of Roeside?) He died in 1679. (Note Map Church and Church Graveyard of Gee of Chinley burying Place).
1683: – On the 2nd of July 1683, Sarah GEE of the Parish of Glossop married Nicholas GODDARD of Castleton at the All Saints Church.
1686: – 1686 died RALPH Gee of Chinley, Yeoman September 13
Daughter Ann Gee
Appraiser Robert Gee
1687: – PROBATE RECORDS FOR GEE, Ralph # 1 of Chinley, Yeoman, 13 September1686, (Note Map of Church and Church Graveyard Gee of Lydgate burying place) daughter Anne GEE, Ruth GEE* (my loving wife). WITNESSES: Nick LINGARD, Charles LINGARD, John LINGARD. Appraisers of Inventory: Robert GEE, Nick LINDGARD, Charles KIRKE AND Charles KIRKAND; Total £55-7-10. PROBATE: granted to Ruth GEE at Chesterfield 13 April 1687.
1687: – 6 September 1687 Ruth GEE of the Parish of Glossop married Francis ASHTON at the All Saints Church.
1690: – St Thomas Parish Church in Mellor Marriages taken from the Phillmore Transcript: 27 May 1690 Rafe GIE of the Diddiat married Ann Cavinson of Bugsworth. Note the spelling errors.
1690: – Mellor Marriages Register taken from the Phillmore Transcript: 27 May 1690 Ralphe GEE of Lidgate Married Ann Warrington. More spelling errors.
1691: – Mellor Marriages taken from the Phillmore Transcript: 4 February 1691/1692 Francis GIE married Sara Boden both of Glossope.
1691: – PROBATE records for GEE, Robert, of Chinley, Yeoman, 10 February 1691. My loving wife Ann GEE, son George GEE, daughter Saray GODDART (GODDARD?), daughter Grace OLLIVER, son Francis GEE*. WITNESSES: Francis ASHTON, Thomas MAULT (MOULT?), Thomas GEE. APPRAISERS of Inventory: Ralph GEE, John ELLISON, Thomas MELLOR, Nicholas GODDARD, Thomas GEE, 26 March 1691: Total £18-5-8. Proved at Chesterfield 15 April 1691.
March 26 1691
A true and perfect inventory of all the goods Cattells and Chattels of Robeart Gee of Chinley in the parish of Glossop and County of Derby yeoman late: deceased praised and valued by us whose names are hereunder written: Valued @ £48-5-8d
By Ralphe GEE, John OLLIVER, Thomas MELLOR, Nicolas GODDARD and Thomas GEE
~ Will of Robert GEE of Chynley: 15 April 1691 ~
In the name of god Amen The 10 day of February in the second year of the Raignes of our most Gracious Lord and Lady King William and Queen Mary over England Scotland ffrance and Ireland defenders of the faith It. I Robert GEE of Chynley in the parish of Glossop and County of Derby yeoman being Syke and weak in body but sound and perfect in mynd praised be God for the same: yet knowing the certainety of Death but the hour and time to be uncertayne I doo ordained constitute and make this my last will and testament in manor and form following: ffirst I commit my soul to Almighty god my Creator and to Jesus Christ my redeemer trusting by the me rite of Jesus Christ to be one of the number of his elect and Chosen Children: And my body to the earth from whence it came: And as concerning my worldly estate which the Lord of his Infinite [ ] hath lent me I Give and bequeath as followeth: Inprimis my will and mind is that all my just debts I owe shall happen to owe to any manor or person be paid and discharged next and immediately after my funeral expenses be paid and discharged: Item I give and bequeath unto Ann my loving wife one pair of bedstocks with sufficient bedding to furnish the same with: Item I give and bequeath unto George GEE my son the sum of foure pounds Item I give and bequeath unto Saray GODDART my daughter ffive shillings Item I give and bequeath unto Marie OLLIVER my daughter the sum of five shillings Item I give and bequeath unto ffrancis GEE my son all the rest of my goods Chattels and Cattlels wherever they are to be found And I doo ordain constitute and make ffrancis GEE my son my true and law full executor of this my last will and testament nothing doubting but he will perform the trust in him reposed within six months after my decease And I doo hereby revoke disanull all former and other wills and testaments whatsoever in witness where of I have hear unto set my hand and seal of this my last will and testament the day and year first above written Robert GEE
Signed and sealed in the presence of ffrancis ASHTON; Thomas MOULT; Thomas GEE
1694: – 9 April 1694 the will of HADFIELD, Icenah, of Overcliffe, parish of Glossop, Spinster, 9 Apr 1694. (I) John HADFIELD, George GEE, Thomas GEE.
Appraisers of Inventory: John HYDE, Samuel HEYWARD. In what capacity the GEES take in this will and whether they are from Chinley(the Lydgate GEES) or Kinder (the Ashes GEEs) is unknown.
Chapel-en-le- Frith: Note below these references listing apprentices put out to homes by the parishes or by the wishes of certain charities. They are not apprentice papers but probably the only surviving proof of such. They were usually pauper-children or illegitimate children and were controlled by the parishes or charities and became indentured servants.
An indentured servant was one who was voluntarily or involuntarily committed to working for someone for a fixed number of years (usually 4 to 7) in exchange for passage to America or some other financial advantage but few, if any, had rights, but people without skills or money accepted this position. After the period of work was over, the servant usually became a freeman.
1701: – Grace Kyrke (Kirk) was apprentices to Henry Gee (The Thomas Marshall Charity)
1718: – Ann Gee apprenticed to John Carrington town of Chinley. Indentured.
1871: – Margaret Hibbert age sixteen was apprenticed to Hannah Gee dressmaker.
1700: – 8th February 1700/1701 Francis GEE of the Parish of Glossop married Elizabeth BARNES, also of this Parish, at the All Saints Church.
1701: 11th, 12th and 13th December voting took place in the general election for Northern Derbyshire. The voters from Chapel were very strongly in favor of the Whigs. Only Freeholders owning land or tenements of the annual value of 40s. had a vote. There were 62 voters who qualified. Thomas GEE of Bowden Head and Ralph GEE of Lydgate, were 2 of the 62 voters who voted.
1702: – 21 April 1702, the Will of Charles KYRKE of Shireoaks – Ralph GEE was a witness.
1704 – Francis GEE of Chynley had a daughter Ann in April 1704 born Hayfield, baptized at St. Mathew’s church.
1705: – 26 January 1805/1706 Georgius GEE of Ludworth married Dianna SWINDELS of Bowden Middlecale, at the All Saints Church.
1707: – On the 20th May 1707, a £40 bond was made from Edmund JODRELL Esquire of Yeardsley to Daniel GEE Yeoman of Shedyard (Shedyard is located very near Lydgate Farm); for Jodrell to keep his part of an agreement for Daniel Gee’s purchase from Jodrell of a cottage, garden and small croft called “PIGHOWE” in the township of Yeardsley, Whaley, County of Chester. Adjoining the River Goyt, copyhold of a manor of Macclesfield [detailed arrangements are set out].
1708: – died DANIEL Gee of Shedyard, Clothier July 1708; Brother Francis Gee of Kinder
1708: – I found an interesting document listing the seat holders for St Thomas Becket Church for 1708 and it shows the amount they pay yearly. I don’t know if they are the Lydgate GEES or the Ashes GEES. It shows a Thomas GEE with a seat on the south side of the church. A Ralph GEE with a seat behind the pulpit and an unnamed GEE sharing a pew with Samuel Kirk in a place in the church called St Nicholas Quire.
1709: – October 14th, Ann GEE of this parish (doesn’t say which parish) married Ralph Kyrke.
1712: – There were two important occurrences that had far reaching effects on farming and commercial life in the parish. The final closure of the wastes or commons, as they were called and the coming of the turnpike roads. Although the division of the wastes into Kings’ and Tenants’ parts had been made in 1640, nothing further had been done. In 1671, Charles II granted the Kings part to Thomas Eyre and the freeholders did not approve of this grant.
So consequently a good deal of litigation happened. Finally the freeholders agreed to a division of the Tenants’ part being made by a Mr. Samuel Hutchinson “with the assistance of Edmund Buckley, Samuel Frith And Francis GEE chosen by ye gentlemen and owners of ye said Commons” which was accordingly made in 1712.
1712: – The several commons belonging to the township of Boden-Chappell [Bowden-Chapel] were surveyed by a Samuel Hutchinson, with the assistance of three other men, one of those men being Francis GEE.
1713: – George GEE of Chynley had a daughter Grace on August 28th, 1713, baptized at St. Mathews Church, Hayfield.
1715: – freeholders and inhabitants of Chapel-en-le-Frith asked the court to enable the making of a bridge over a rapid brook called “Smithy Brook.” The court gave the £12 and said there will never be any more money. August 15th, 1715 the foundations of the arch bridge over Smithy Brook were laid. An additional £12 was given by order of the sessions and the remaining £5 was paid by the parish of Ralph GEE him being constable that year. (See page 1 of Aunt Hetty’s notes.)
1716: – died John GEE of kinder, Husbandman August 17: Brother Francis GEE of Hayfield
1720: – On the 23rd December a bond in the amount of £20 was registered from Ralph GEE, bachelor, of Chinley Naze, (see the will of Thomas MOULT) to Francis GEE, his father of the same place for the payment of £10 by Ralph to Francis by the 23rd December.
1722: – Ralph GEE and seven others in January 1722, purchased a plot of land from Thomas Shuttleworth from the proceeds of the following will. Ralph Gee and Arnold Kirk were the trustees of a sum of £100 and they gave 20 pounds to the building fund.
“Francis Gaskell, by will, bequeathed to the minister and poor of this parish £100, the use thereof to be paid as follows, —viz. 20 shillings yearly to an orthodox minister at Chapel-en-le-Frith; 40s. yearly to the poor of Bradshaw Edge; 20 shillings yearly to the poor of Coombe’s Edge; and 20 shillings yearly to the poor of Bowden Edge. By an indenture dated 1722, it appears £20 was paid by Arnold Kirk and Ralph Gee, and others, trustees of the above charity, towards a house about to be erected by subscription for the minister; in consideration thereof, Thomas Shuttleworth conveyed to the said trustees a piece of land, on part whereof the said house was built for the minister, and it was provided the said house should stand a security for ever for the said legacy. The residue of the legacy, about £80, the interest thereof, is distributed on St. Thomas’s day.”
1723: – died Francis GEE of Kinder Yeoman September 13
Sisters Sarah and Anne GEE
Brothers John and Daniel GEE
Children Ralph GEE oldest
Kinsman Francis GEE of Chinley
1724: – This is taken from the will of Francis GEE of Kinder. “And lastly I do make Ordain Constitute and appoint my well beloved Sonn John GEE, and my loveing kinsman ffrancis GEE of Chinley my full and Joynt Executors of this my last Will and Testament hoping they will faithfully perform the………”
1728: – Francis GEE of Chinley and his wife Elizabeth Gee, along with daughters Sarah and Ann GEE are listed as communicants of Chinley Independent Chapel. (Note 10). Is this the Francis GEE mentioned in the will dated 1724?
1728: – Ralph GEE, Ann Gee wife, Joan and Mary Gee, daughters of Lydiat (a misspelling for Lydgate) are listed as communicants of Chinley Independent Chapel.
1729: – Ralph GEE of Lydgate fell from his horse and died. Dr. Clegg helped this family as to a Deodand (this word is derived from Deo dandum, to be given to God; and is used to designate the instrument, whether it be an animal or an inanimate thing, such as a horse cart, which caused the death of the man) on Ralph’s death.
1730: – probate for GEE, Francis, of Mainstonefield (Old Chinley), Yeoman, 8th February 1725. Son Ralph GEE, wife Elizabeth GEE; premises in lease from Thomas MOULT (late deceased), lands which I hold of Mr. BRADSHAWE; daughter Mary GEE, daughters Ann and Sara GEE; friend William CARRINGTON* the younger of Ashen Clough. WITNESSES: William CARRINGTON, Cornelius CARRINGTON, Ann CARRINGTON. APPRAISERS of Inventory: Christopher BENNETT & John MOULT, 26th March 1691; Total £115-10-4. PROBATE granted to William CARRINGTON at Chesterfield 15th April 1730.
1741: – Dr. Clegg records many visits to the home of the Gees of Lydgate, one on December 25th, 1741. There was a service held but no reference is made as to it being Christmas day.
1750: – Mellor Marriages Register taken from the Phillmore Transcript: on January 2nd 1750 Joseph GEE married Ann Hague.
1750: – Lydgate is purchased from the GEES by the NEEDHAM family.
1757: – Reverend John GEE, curate of St James Church of Taxal from 1757 until his death in 1786, was of the Lydgate Gees. He lived at Chapel residing at Chestnut House, and according to his will, he occupied a small farm adjoining his house. He also owned some land at Smithbrook.
1766: – the first recorded hiring of the Parish Hearse 5/ for the Hearse for fetching “Mary GEE from Bank End to Ashton Dough and thence to Chinley Chapel”
1777: – the Chapel-en-le-Frith Parish Church wanted to erect an organ. So a committee was formed, eight men, one of them being the Reverend John GEE, of the Lydgate Gees.
1780: – 25 January 1780 the Will of Ralph HYDE bequeaths a legacy to his daughter’s children, Martha, (deceased) who was the wife of Jonathan GEE of Amycroft in the county of Derby.
1786: – Reverend John GEE died. This information was taken from St James Church Taxal.
2 Jul 1786: – GEE Revd. John – – Curate of Taxal -death
18 May 1789: – GEE Mrs Ellen – Chapel en le Frith – relict of the Revd. J. GEE death
1801: The population of Glossop in 1801 was approximately 3,625 people. Not over populated by any means. By 2001, the population had swelled to 32,400.
FOOTNOTE: Lidgate passed from the Needhams, by purchase, to the Marriotts, a Cheshire family, who, early in the present century disposed of it to the present owner. The Needhams added to the estate a portion of the King’s Part on Eccles. The high ground surrounding the summit of Eccles Pike (1213 ft.) is now vested in the National Trust as the local commemoration of the Coronation of King George VI. (Copied from Braylesford-Buntings Book – page 114.).
~CONCLUSION TO THE LYDGATE GEES~
Chinley Houses was located very close to Lydgate Farm and Spire Hollin (see map page 13). In the following will, James CARRINGTON leaves money both to Thomas KYRKE of Spire Hollin and Thomas GEE of Lydgate. Both of these men were married to his daughters. I have not yet identified the names of the daughters, possibly because they died before this will was probated.
However, this Thomas GEE I believe to be the last of the GEES to own Lydgate Farm. One theory that could explain why he sold Lydgate Farm to the Needham Family is that Thomas produced no male heirs. So far to date, I have found no children for him.
I believe that it was his father, Ralph GEE, who fell from the horse and died in 1729. I also believe that it was his brother, Francis GEE of Mainstonefield who died in 1730, leaving Thomas the only surviving heir to Lydgate.
However, until I can retrieve their wills, that is all this is – a theory. But the following will is a step closer to solving the puzzle:
~Will of James CARRINGTON of Chinley Houses, Bugsworth 1736~
In the name of God amen This twenty fifth day of March 1736 I James CARRINGTON of Chinley Houses in the parish of Glossop and County of Derby being aged and infirm in body but of sound mind and perfect memory praise be therefore given to almighty God for the same and calling to mind the certainty of death do make and ordain this my will and testament in manner following, First I commend my soul into the hands of almighty God hoping to receive full pardon & forgiveness of all my sins through the death and merits of Jesus Christ my redeemer and to inherit everlasting life and my body I commit to the earth from whence it was taken to be decently buried at the discretion of my executors hereinafter named and as touching such worldly goods and estate it hath pleased God to bestow upon me I do give and dispose of the same as followeth. It is my will and mind that all my just debts and funeral expenses be first paid and discharged out of my personal estate Item I give and bequeath the sum of four score pounds to Thomas KYRKE of Spire Hollin, Thomas GEE of Lydiate and James CARRINGTON my son, and to the survivors of them in trust for the uses hereafter mentioned. To witt it is my will and mind that my said trustees shall receive and keep the said fourscore pounds in their custody and possession for and during the life of my daughter Elizabeth CARRINGTON paying her yearly and every year the interest or product thereof and it is my will and mind that after the death of my daughter Elizabeth the said trustees or their survivors do pay the interests and profits of the said fourscore pounds to the issue of my daughter by equal portions if she leave one or more children till they attain the age of twenty one years and such of them that die before their proportion to go to the survivors and it is my will and mind that as any of her children shall attain the age of twenty one year’s my said trustees do pay them their proportional share of the principal sum But if she die without issue or her issue all die before they attain that age it is my will and mind and I do hereby give the said sum of fourscore pounds to my son James CARRINGTON my executor he indemnifying my said trustees from all charges and expenses on account of their said trust. Item I do give unto my daughter Elizabeth one bedstead with that bedding which is now marked for her with the letter E together with one little brass pot. Item I give to my daughter Ellen BRADDOCK the sum of five shillings together with one cow which she has in her custody and also one fire iron, one little table standing at Little Hayfield during her natural life and at her decease I give the said fire iron and table to my grandson John BRADDOCK. Item I give unto my grandson John BRADDOCK one bedstead standing in the lower parlour with that bedding lettered with the letter B together with my chest standing at my beds feet. Item I give unto my granddaughter Hannah BRADDOCK the sum of twenty shillings to be paid to her twelve months after my decease. Item I give unto my son-in-law John BRADDOCK the sum of two shillings and sixpence. Item I give unto my servant Catherine WARD the sum of two shillings and sixpence Item all the rest and residue and remainder of my estate real and personal I give unto my son James CARRINGTON together with all deeds and writings belonging or appertaining unto me in any wise of what kind or nature so ever and I do nominate and appoint my son James CARRINGTON to be my full and sole executor of this my last will and testament hoping he will faithfully perform the trust reposed in him. In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal the day and year above written.
Witnessed by: Ezekiel DANFIELD; Robert BENNETT; William CARRINGTON
Parts of the following Genealogy chart are only THEORY and should be viewed with a critical eye. Parts are supported by some historical data, but wills are needed to verify information.
1. Thomas GEE (3) (Ralph GEE-2, Thomas GEE-1) of Lydgate born circa 1615 married Joan KYRKE on the 24th May 1666 at St. Mathews Church. This Thomas GEE was probably the third owner of Lydgate Farm.
~Children of Thomas and Joan were~
a. Thomas GEE (4) (Thomas GEE-3, Ralph GEE-2, Thomas GEE-1) was born circa 1666. Possibly married Anne LOWE. Children unknown.
b. Ralph GEE (4) (Thomas GEE-3, Ralph GEE-2, Thomas GEE-1) was born circa 1668. Died 1729. Possibly married Ann WARRINGTON on 27th May 1690 at St Thomas Church in Mellor. Fourth owner of Lydgate Farm. (See # 2 following).
~Communicants in 1728 of Chinley Independent Chapel~
Francis GEE of Chinley
Elizabeth GEE his wife
Sarah GEE their daughter
Ann GEE their daughter
Ralph GEE of Lydiat–(this is Lydgate)
Ann GEE his wife
Joan GEE their daughter
Mary GEE their daughter
c. Anne GEE (4) (Thomas GEE-3, Ralph GEE-2, Thomas GEE-1) was born circa 1670. Marriage unknown.
d. Francis GEE (4) (Thomas GEE-3, Ralph GEE-2, Thomas GEE-1) was born circa 1682. Possibly died 1730. Possibly married Elizabeth BARNES on the 08th February 1700 at the All Saints Church in Glossop. This Francis GEE and his wife and were communicants of Chinley Independent Chapel in 1728. (See # 3 following).
2. Ralph GEE (4) (Thomas GEE-3, Ralph GEE-2, Thomas GEE-1) was the fourth GEE owner of Lydgate farm. This was the Ralph GEE who fell from his horse and died in 1729.
~Children of Ralph GEE and Ann WARRINGTON were~
a. Thomas GEE (5) (Ralph GEE-4, Thomas GEE-3, Ralph GEE-2, Thomas GEE-1) was born circa 1690 in Chinley. He married an Unknown CARRINGTON (see the attached will). It is believed that he was the fifth GEE owner of Lydgate and the last one. So far no children have been found for Thomas.
b. Francis GEE (5) (Ralph GEE-4, Thomas GEE-3, Ralph GEE-2, Thomas GEE-1) born circa 1695.
c. Joan GEE (5) (Ralph GEE-4, Thomas GEE-3, Ralph GEE-2, Thomas GEE-1) born circa 1700. See communicants list above.
d. Mary GEE (5) (Ralph GEE-4, Thomas GEE-3, Ralph GEE-2, Thomas GEE-1) born circa 1702. See communicants list above.
3. Francis GEE (4) (Thomas GEE-3, Ralph GEE-2, Thomas GEE-1)
~Children of Francis GEE and Elizabeth BARNES were~
a. Sarah GEE (5) born circa 1700. See communicants list afore stated.
b. Ann GEE (5) born circa 1704. See communicants list afore stated.
c. John GEE (5) born circa 1705.
1. Robert CARRINGTON (1) was born in 1633 in Bugsworth in Chinley and he died on the 5th June 1704 at the age of 71 years old. When he died he was living at CHINLEY HOUSES which was very near to LYDGATE Farm. He married Hellen (Ellen) KYRKE in April 1660 at the All Saints Church in Glossop. Hellen was born circa 1633 and she died in September 1712. Hellen was born at SHIREOAKES and lived there until her marriage to Robert. Robert was buried at St. Thomas Beckett Church in Chapel-en-le-Frith.
~Children of Robert CARRINGTON and Hellen KYRKE were~
a. James CARRINGTON (2) (Robert-1) was born in October 1661. (See # 2 following).
b. William CARRINGTON (2) (Robert-1)was born in August 1664. (See # 3 following).
c. There were many more children born; I just don’t have them recorded.
2. James CARRINGTON (2) (Robert-1) was born in October 1661 and he died in 1736 at the age of 75 years old. He married Ellen BENNETT on the 30th April 1683 at the James Church in Taxal. Ellen died on the 22nd July 1778. Her father was Robert BENNETT. James, being the oldest son, inherited CHINLEY HOUSES.
~Children of James CARRINGTON and Ellen BENNET were~
a. Unknown Female CARRINGTON (3) (James-2, Robert-1) was born circa 1685. According to her fathers will, she married Thomas GEE of LYDGATE. (See Thomas GEE above).
b. Mary CARRINGTON (3) (James-2, Robert-1) was born circa 1688 in Chinley and she married Thomas KYRKE of MARTINSIDE on the 21st November 1704 at Tideswell, Derbyshire. Thomas was related to Hellen KYRKE aforementioned. Thomas KYRKE was born circa 1677 and died on the 14th April 1749 at SPIRE HOLLINS. They had four daughters: Ann (1709-1790); Mary (1711-?); Margaret (1713-1713); Leah (1714-1795).
c. Elizabeth CARRINGTON (3) (James-2, Robert-1)was born circa 1690 and she died 22nd July 1778 at the age of 88 years old, at CHINLEY HOUSES. She was buried at St Thomas Beckett Church in Chapel-en-le-Frith. She married her first cousin Cornelius CARRINGTON circa 1730. He was born on the 16th August 1704 and he died in July 1739. (See his father will in # 3 following). They had five children: John (1730-?); Sarah (1732-?); Robert (1734-1802); Anthony (1735-?); William (1738-1800).
d. Ellen CARRINGTON (3) (James-2, Robert-1) was born circa 1695 at CHINLEY HOUSES and she died on the 16th May 1765. She married John BRADDOCK on the 28th April 1719 at Castleton, Derbyshire. They had 2 known children: Hannah (?); John (1722-1788).
e. James CARRINGTON (3) (James-2, Robert-1) was born on the 8th April 1700 and he died on the 8th October 1777 at the age of 77 years old. It is unknown if he ever married.
3. William CARRINGTON (2) (Robert-1) was born in August 1664 in Chinley and he died in July 1728 in Chinley, Derbyshire. He married Mary SLACK on the 2nd January 1688.
~Children of William CARRINGTON and Mary SLACK were~
a. John CARRINGTON born circa 1690. His wife’s name was Sarah.
b. William CARRINGTON the younger born circa 1692.
c. Robert CARRINGTON born circa 1693. His wife’s name was Esther.
d. Joshua CARRINGTON born on the 5th February 1697 and died on the 7th March 1768. He married Ann VERNON in March 1722 at St Thomas Beckett Church in Chapel-en-le-Frith. They had five known children. (Joseph (1722-1793); Mary (1725-?); William (1727-?); Joshua (1730-?); Peggy (1732-?).
e. Mary CARRINGTON born circa 1699. She married William RADCLIFFE.
f. Ann CARRINGTON born circa 1701.
g. Cornelius CARRINGTON born on the 16th August 1704 and he died in July 1739. He married his cousin Elizabeth CARRINGTON named prior circa 1730. They had five known children. Sarah (1732-?); Robert (1734-1802); Anthony (1735-?); John (1735-1804); William ( 1738-1800).
~William CARRINGTON of Ashen Clough: 2 October 1728~
In the Name of God Amen This Twenty Ninth day of June Anno Domini 1728 I William CARRINGTON the Elder of Ashen Clough In the Parrish of Glossop and County of Derby Yeoman being by weakly as to my Body but of Sound mind and perfect Understanding and calling to mind the certainty of Death AND THE UNCERTAINTY of the time when it may please Almighty to translate me home, and being desirous with good [Herech ] to Set my house in order before I die do Settle my Worldly affaires in manner and fforme ffollowing FFIRST COMMENDING MY soul in the hands of Almighty God my Creator Redeemer and Sanctifier hoping through the prevailing Merits of Jesus Christ to receive full and free pardon and remission of all my Sins and to receive Everlasting Life AND MY BODY I Commit to the Earth from whence it Came to be decently interred at the discretion of My Executor hereafter Named AND AS TOUCHING such Worldly goods Cattle and Chattels Moveable and immoveable Household goods and implements of Household Husbandry Wares Leases and all other whatsoever I Give and dispose thereof as ffolloweth FFIRST MY WILL and mind is that all my Just debts ffunerall expenses and Charges about the probate of this my Will be ffirst paid and discharged forth of my personall Estate So far as it shall extend save only some few Legacies hereafter Bequeathed ITEM I GIVE and Bequeath unto my loveing Wife Mary CARRINGTON that Bedd we usually lye in with Bedding to make it up a Compleat bed, her Chests one little coffer, with all her linen therein, her Chair, and one twigg Chair her Bible and Mr BURKETTs exposition of the New Testament, Two pewter Dishes, one deep one and another that is not So deep, halfe a dozen of Trenchers, and halfe a dozen of Spoons, and Two Ewes, and keeping for the same Summer and Winter, the little Arke in the Chamber I GIVE HER and power to dispose of the same (Save only the said little Arke and the twigg Chair) AND IT IS MY WILL that my son William CARRINGTON his heirs and assigns shall find his Mother with dry ffuel what shall have occasion to use for the terme of her Natural life ITEM I GIVE and Bequeath unto my son John CARRINGTON one shilling, and to Sarah his wife likewise one shilling ITEM I GIVE and Bequeath unto Robert CARRINGTON my sonn likewise One Shilling, and unto John CARRINGTON, and Mary CARRINGTON his Daughter, each of them halfe a Crown, and to Esther his Wife One Shilling ITEM I GIVE and Bequeath unto Joshua CARRINGTON my Son One Shilling, to Ann his wife One Shilling, and to my Three Grand Children Mary Joseph and William CARRINGTON each of them halfe a Crown ITME I GIVE and Bequeath unto Cornelius CARRINGTON my Son One Shilling And my will is that he shall have liberty to work in the Shopp Chamber, and to lodge in the dwelling house so long as he shall keep himself Single and Unmarried ITEM I GIVE and Bequeath unto William RADCLIFFE my Son in law One Shilling, and unto Mary his Wife One Shilling ITEM I GIVE and Bequeath unto Ann CARRINGTON my Daughter One Shilling UNTO JOHN OVEN the like Sume of One Shilling ITME MY WILL and mind is that my Sonn William CARRINGTON do give and allow unto his Brother Joshua CARRINGTON the quantity of Ten loads of Coals yearly and every year before each Christmas he paying the work in wages during the Continuance of terme of the Coalmines ITEM ALL THE rest residue and remainder of my whole personal Estate goods Cattle and Chattells Household Goods and implements of Household Except what I have already disposed of Husbandry Wares and all other whatsoever leases about the Coalmines, Commons Stonebreaks together with my title and interest of and unto a Certain Cottage lying in the HIGHGATE LANE in the possession of one John BENNETT, I Give devise and bequeath the same to my Sonn William CARRINGTON and his Assigns, making him the said William CARRINGTON my full and sole Executor of this my present last will and Testament, hoping he will Confidentially discharge the trust herein reposed in him revoking all fformer Wills and Testaments by me heretofore made CONFIRMING THIS as my present last Will and Testament
In Witness whereof I have hereunto putt my hand and Seal the day and year ffirst above written. William CARRINGTON
Sealed Signed published and declared to be the Testators last Will and Testament In presence of us James CARRINGTON; Christopher BENNETT; Robert BENNETT
A true and perfect Inventory of all and Singular ye the goods Cattle & chattels of William CARRINGTON of Ashen Clough in the parish of Glossop and County of Derby Husbandman late deceased prised and valued ye day and year above said
By James CARRINGTON and Christopher BENNETT as followeth: (not transcribed, valued @ £153-11-0)
The coal mines mentioned in William Carrington’s will were owned by John Shallcross (high sheriff of Derbyshire in 1638 and brother of Sarah Shallcross who married Ralph Gee) and his son Richard Shallcross. In a document (indenture) dated 3rd May 1750, the indenture stated:
“On the 19th May 1740, three individuals (Richard Fitzherbert, Roger Jacson and Ann Shallcross, the heirs of John Shallcross, grandson to the aforementioned John) gave a grant (lease) of their coals and coal mines in the township of Bowden Middlecale (the old name for Hayfield) in Derbyshire to William CARRINGTON of Ashen Clough in Glossop, Derbyshire and William BENNETT of Chinley for a period of 21 years beginning on the 1st May 1742, for £30 per year.” William Carrington was the heir or the younger of the William whose will has been printed.
On the 3rd May 1750, William Carrington, along with William Bennett, granted a one third part or share in these coal mines to Robert MOTTRAM, an excise officer from Salford, Lancashire. This grant was for the remainder of the original 21 year lease and was for rent of £10 per year plus one third part of the taxes due, the profits and leases from the coals or coal mines being equally divided between the three parties – Carrington, Bennett and Mottram.
In the will of Francis GEE (who died in 1730) of Mainstonefield (the old name for Chinley) dated 8th February 1725 probate was granted to his friend William Carrington the younger of Ashen Clough. The witnesses to this will were William, his brother Cornelius and his sister Ann.
1755; – I found this interesting note from the registers of Chinley Independent Chapel written by the new Reverend Harrison, who was Dr. Clegg’s replacement: On the 28th March 1755: “After the parents had made a penitent confession of the heinous sin, [of fornication and bearing a child out of wedlock] John, the son of James and Phoebe GODDARD, was Baptised in the presence of many witnesses at William CARRINGTON`s at Ashen Clough”.
Ashen Clough is located near Lydgate Farm and Chinley Houses.